Web Analytics Made Easy -
	StatCounter

Growing Marijuana Essentials 101: What You Need to Have Before You Start Your Garden

Growing Marijuana

If you regularly purchase your supply from dispensaries or online cannabis sites, you may have noticed a sharp rise in the price of weed. The demand for top-quality recreational and medicinal strains has increased and this has led growers and breeders to increase prices for their products. 

Many consumers are now feeling the heat. Many recommend growing your own supply to augment the costs of buying cannabis. And if you want to grow your own supply then you need to learn how to grow marijuana. 

Most expert growers say that it’s easy to grow cannabis. Basically, marijuana may grow no matter what kind of environment the plant is in. There are even cannabis strains that can grow in the cold or in aridest environments.

Aside from these, experts also recommend growing marijuana if you regularly use cannabis for recreational or medicinal use. Beginner growers should practice all they can to grow different kinds of strains as well.  Here is a guide to help you prepare for your future in cannabis growing.

Cannabis growing essentials

46051378432_d046b7158c_z

You need to understand legal cannabis growing

In some states and countries where cannabis growing is regulated (legalized or decriminalized), those who would like to grow medicinal cannabis should apply for a license. A cannabis growing license is a document that will allow you to cultivate medical marijuana in your home for a particular illness or medical use. 

There are steps to be able to get a license. It starts with consulting a doctor regarding the use of medical cannabis for your medical condition. If your doctor says you can use medical cannabis then you’ll be provided with a document to apply for a growing license which will be granted by a regulating body in your country or state. 

Take note that a growing license has limits. There is a number of plants that you can grow and there are regulations regarding your growing area. You will also need to comply with local laws about growing cannabis. There could be rules against growing cannabis in your apartment building or even in your city.

And to check if growing cannabis is regulated and if you require a license to do so, check local government regulations from a local online site.

Now, how about recreational marijuana growing? You can only grow recreational cannabis if this is allowed in your area. Usually, there is no license to grow recreational cannabis but you need to follow laws about growing from your province or state especially the number of plants allowed.   

You must learn about the basic things to grow cannabis

To sum up the important basic equipment you need to grow cannabis, you need: 

  • Cannabis seeds for first-time growers
  • Good grow lights
  • Intake and outtake fans
  • Grow tent or grow cabinet
  • Pots and potting mix
  • Smell filters or carbon filters
  • Fertilizer

You can purchase these from online or from local shops. You can also purchase these individually or as a set.

Easy to grow cannabis strains

For this guide, we recommend first-time growers to use autoflowering cannabis seeds. Autos are perfect for people new to growing cannabis because these are the quickest to grow and have the most unique characteristics. 

Autoflowering cannabis is the opposite of regular or photoperiod plants in such a way that these plants don’t rely on the amount of light that the plants get to flower. Regular cannabis strains require a 12-hour light and 12-hour darkness schedule to start flowering. This type of cannabis has a natural system that will feel if the air is colder and there is less darkness compared to daylight. 

As a grower, you will need to place your plants under 12/12 schedules daily until these flowers. But with autoflowering plants, you simply grow your plants according to whatever lighting schedule you prefer. Autoflowering cannabis is set to flower in 7 to 9 weeks, you may even grow two to three sets of crops in a year if you follow their growing needs very closely.

It will take about 9 to 10 weeks to harvest autoflowering marijuana plants. On the other hand, indica ruderalis strains or strains made by combining an indica and a ruderalis will harvest earlier while sativa ruderalis plants can take the longest.  

The type of strain also matters when estimating the flowering and harvest periods of auto plants. Choose the strain that will grow well.

The best cannabis strains to grow now

5541346231_3faa1d7efa_z

Amnesia Haze Automatic

Amnesia Haze Automatic is an autoflowering cannabis made after long years of research. It is a strain from an Amnesia and a ruderalis and will flower faster compared to its photoperiod counterpart. Amnesia already grows fast but when combined with a ruderalis the result is a super strain that’s ready to flower in just 8 weeks. 

Automatic Amnesia Haze comes with 18% THC. It has a fantastic flavor profile that combines earthy and fruity flavors that consumers love to smell and taste. This strain is perfect for impatient consumers and growers because it flowers fast. Those who can’t wait to smoke their supply and to make fast and easy profits from growing cannabis deserves this strain.  

Amnesia Haze auto is a versatile cannabis strain since it can be grown indoors and outdoors. Indoors, you have a plant that can reach up to 100 cm and yield up to 400 grams per square meters. Outdoors, you can get up to 120 cm and up to 180 grams of yield per plant. 

Diesel Automatic

One of the most flavorful autoflowering strains is Diesel Automatic. The smell of this strain is enough to make crave for more. This strain was made by combining the genes of a Diesel and a ruderalis. The result is an easy growing plant with a THC content of 14%.

Diesel Automatic offers a sativa-dominant effect that will give you a clear head and energy. You will want its cerebral effects to last and it will for hours. And aside from its potent diesel smell and flavor, it comes with a matching citrus and fruit aromas. These are very strong but not too overpowering. 

Diesel Automatic is a daytime cannabis strain. It can help you get things done at home or work. It will let you bring out your creative side. If you think you’re losing interest in painting, drawing or composing then Diesel Automatic is the answer to your creativity. 

Other features you must know about Diesel Automatic is that it grows well, it can tolerate cold temperatures and is very forgiving. This strain also grows quicker with yields of up to 375 grams per square meters indoors. Outdoors, you’ll get a tall plant at 110 cm and yields of 110 grams per plant. 

Flowering takes only 8 to 9 weeks; one of the quickest strains around. Diesel Automatic grows well in sandy-clayey soil and requires a lot of sunshine to thrive. Protect this strain from molds because it has large buds which can store moisture. 

Easy Bud

As the name suggests, Easy Bud is one of the easiest to grow. It is best for novice growers. The secret behind its success is its very strong and resilient genes. It can be grown indoors under strong lighting or outdoors.

Easy Bud was made by combining a White Indica and a Ruderalis. This is a heavy sativa strain that will give you the couchlock effect even when you take it moderately. 

There’s 12% THC in every bud and thus it is best for daytime use because it will give you that burst of energy for the rest of the day. It has an indica strain lineage that is ideal for its unique therapeutic and calming effects. 

When grown indoors, Easy Bud will grow up to 50 to 60 cm with 325 grams per square meter. When grown outdoors, it will grow up to 110 cm and will give you bountiful yields of 80 grams per plant. 

For strains that will flower fast, this should be your strain. This can flower in just 5 to 7 weeks and this is without using any lighting schedule. Consider this strain for an easy, first-time strain for beginners.

Quick One

The Quick One is one of the first autoflowering marijuana seeds developed by growers and when it was released decades ago, it was one of the quickest to grow. Quick One was made by combining a very potent indica with a ruderalis strain. 

Quick One is an indica-dominant strain and this means that it will let you experience a sedating physical high. It contains 13% THC, therefore, a good choice among recreational cannabis users who want to relieve pain, nausea or stress.

Tasting Quick One, you’ll get hints of fruit and citrus which is a good combination of flavors to keep you on your feet and energized. When grown indoors, Quick One can grow as much as 60 cm. This makes this strain perfect if you live in a small space like an apartment or dorm. Indoors, it will give you up to 325 grams per square meter which is still a decent amount. 

Outdoors, this strain can grow up to 100 cm in height and will give you up to 150 grams per plant. You will surely be satisfied with this beginner strain. 

Royal Dwarf

Royal Dwarf was made by combining the genes of a Skunk and a Ruderalis. This is a classic auto due to its small and compact size. It is the best for indoor growing especially when you have a very limited space to grow in your home. You may also grow Royal Dwarf outdoors but place it in a shaded area protect it from direct heat. 

Royal Dwarf grows excellent indoors inside growing cabinets, tents and buckets because of its size. It is so small but the buds are densely packed with an average level of THC. You’ll get a satisfying high that will slightly stone your body. 

The strain has very potent flavors. You will instantly feel that citrusy flavor moving through your lungs at the first few puffs. This is the strain for people who want to remain focus and in control with a moderately-heavy effect.

Royal Dwarf is quick to grow due to its ruderalis heritage. Your plants will be ready for harvest around 9 weeks. Cultivate this indoors and you will get yields of up to 200 grams / square meters. When grown outdoors the plants can grow up to 90 cm in height and will have 80 grams of yield per plant. 

You must buy seeds from reputable seedbank sites

So where to find the mentioned good strains for first-time growers? The best place to start is from a local seed bank in your city and if this is not available, you can check online seed banks instead. 

Use only good quality seeds. Reputable local and online seedbanks have a large collection of seeds to offer. These companies ship to most countries and have several good payment options for customers. 

Reputable seedbanks offer guarantees for the viability of their seeds. These companies believe that their seeds will sprout or germinate given the right conditions. Reliable and reputable seedbanks have good reviews. You may also ask for recommendations from people who have ordered or purchased cannabis seeds before to find a good company. 

You must have the best grow lights

Consider that light = amount of your harvest. So, the stronger your lights are, the better your yields would be. The most common grow lights are HID lamps, CMH lamps and LED lamps. But the best according to many growers is an LED lamp. 

LED lamps are preferred because these are energy-efficient and won’t cost too much to use. LED bulbs may be the most expensive of the three expensive but these use very little electricity and one bulb can last for years so you will save money in the long-run. Select high-quality bulbs because these will give you a better harvest. Cheap bulbs may not be as bright and may only give you small buds and little yield.  

Meanwhile, fluorescent lamps are also popular but the problem with this type of lighting is that it is not too bright. You may need more lamps to light up a medium-sized room and this cost a lot of money. 

Finally, HID or high-intensity discharge bulbs can give you better harvests because it is bright, intense and effective but the main disadvantage is that it uses a lot of power. These are very cheap but it costs more to use. HID lamps are very warm and can affect the temperature inside the growing area. 

LED lamps are intense but won’t make the room hot. You can place LED lamps as near as an inch from the leaves of plants without burning them. Overall, the type of lighting can improve or ruin your plants so choose wisely. 

You must have adequate ventilation

Your plants require fresh air to grow healthy and strong. When plants are grown inside tents and cabinets these may not be well ventilated. Molds and mildew can develop and these can affect your harvests. 

The best way to improve air circulation is by using two fans inside your growing area. Install one fan at the bottom of the grow tent to take in the cold, fresh air inside the tent or cabinet. The second fan will be installed at the top to blow stale air out of the tent. This air movement will enhance ventilation and ensure good health of your plants. 

Another reason why you must improve ventilation is to remove foul odors. Use carbon filters to remove strong cannabis smells. Carbon filters are very easy to install and are available in cannabis growing shops and hardware stores. Insist on reusable filters and make sure that the filter fits your ventilation system. As much as possible, change or clean your carbon filters as often as possible to improve the smell inside your growing area.  

You must have the best-growing soils and containers

A part of growing healthy, high-yielding plants is growing these in good soil. At the moment, there is no particular soil recommended by growers but the best one has to be soil that absorbs the specific type of soil for auto cannabis plants, but it will grow better when the soil has the following characteristics: 

Soil requirements for growing cannabis plants

4133791789_4b0315101a_z

  • High water retention

Soil should retain or absorb more water. Water is very important because it acts as a transport for nutrients in the soil. Roots absorb water together with the nutrients from the soil and then take these to the different parts of the plant. Water also hydrates the plant and keeps it healthy. It is also essential in the processing of its own food.

Good soil must also drain extra water away from the roots. This is will avoid root rot and other root conditions that can affect nutrient absorption. 

  • High nutrient absorption

Good soil should also absorb nutrients more efficiently. Most fertilizer products are mixed in water and then applied to the roots, this must be absorbed by the soil well. It should also hold nutrients to give the roots time to absorb what plants need to survive. 

Good soil must be able to drain the excess as well. This prevents nutrient lock in the roots and nutrient problems that may affect the health of your plants. 

  • Good aeration abilities

The soil must not be compact but not loose as well. It must allow oxygen to move through it to reach the roots. Oxygen is essential for roots to absorb different nutrients and for different metabolic processes. 

If soil is too compact it won’t be able to absorb water and nutrients and allow oxygen to pass. This is when soil enhancers are handy like perlite and sand. You can purchase soil that has good aerating characteristics or you can add perlite to regular soil. 

  • pH-neutral soil

Good soil for cannabis growing has a pH of 6.6 which is neutral pH. At this pH, it allows vital nutrients to move through the root area. Good pH allows the growth of good bacteria in the soil to enhance plant health. Check soil pH regularly and amend it as soon as you spot any problems. 

  • A good amount of microorganisms

Microorganisms such as mycorrhizae can help make the roots healthy. Healthy roots can dig deeper and absorb more nutrients from the soil. Your cannabis plants will become healthier, will reach their potential and bear improved yields with the help of these good microorganisms.

The best soils for growing marijuana strains

5784181848_8cf73a398e_z (1)

FoxFarm FX14047

FoxFarm FX14047 is best for growing cannabis because it will support your plants as these turn to large plants and transplant to their final growing containers. This soil has important nutrients for healthy plant growth. It comes with microbes and fungi which will protect roots from harmful microorganisms. It is also enriched with earthworm castings and humus is known to enhance the health of cannabis plants. 

Growers recommend this soil brand and say that you don’t need to take soil sample tests or monitor pH because FoxFarm FX14047 has been specially formulated. This will automatically adjust or correct pH level so your plants can improve their ability to absorb more nutrients. 

This soil is the best when it comes to growing cannabis plants indoors. It is available from local garden shops and online shopping sites in small packs. 

Nature’s Living Soil

The Nature’s Living Soil allows you to grow all kinds of strain on the best organic soil because it has everything your plants need to grow healthy and strong. Nature’s Living Soil has more nutrients and microorganisms to let you grow anything. 

All you need is to add water to activate the good microorganisms and soon, your soil will be ready for your plants. You will see good results as soon as a few days of using this kind of soil. You can purchase Nature’s Living Soil from local garden shops and from online garden shopping sites and from online cannabis growing supplies. 

FoxFarm FX14000

FoxFarm FX14000 is the ideal potting soil bag because it is for plants grown in containers. It is made for cannabis plants that are cultivated in small growing areas like grow tents and cabinets.
With this of soil, your plants will get the most out of the fertilizer mixes and supplements that you use to enhance the health and growth of your plants. 

The FoxFarm FX14000 has a time-tested formula that contains guano, forest products, and worm castings which can boost soil health. This is the best soil for plants with impressive flavor and tempting effects. 

Using your garden soil

If you want to use your garden soil then by all means. As long as your soil is healthy and ideal to cannabis growing then this may be used to grow anything. Check for clues if the soil is ready to grow cannabis. 

If the plants in your yard or backyard are growing healthy then this is a clue that your plants will have the same fate too. Check soil pH to find out if your soil is acidic or not. Cannabis won’t grow unless your soil has a neutral pH. 

A home testing kit to test your soil pH and nutrients from a local garden shop or online cannabis supplies store. Test your soil at once a week. There are special chemicals that can correct soil pH and these are also available from cannabis growing supplies shops as well. 

Find out about cannabis seeds

6818725408_ea19181e6d_z

Germinating cannabis seeds

If you are cultivating regular seeds, you must germinate more seeds to compensate for possible male plants that may grow from the batch. It is said that you must expect that a pack of seeds may have 50 percent males and 50 percent females seeds.  

If you’re growing feminized seeds, it is estimated that 12 seeds should be germinated for space for 10 plants. The two are extra seeds in case most of the batch are males. Germinate in Jiffy pellets which are a more preferred germinating medium. Just place each seed inside a damp pellet. Soak the pellets overnight in water until to expand completely before placing the seeds in. 

Place the pellets in a plastic bucket or on a large plate. Place these in room temperature. As long as your cannabis seeds have not sprouted, you may place these under strong lighting. Place water into the container to keep the pellets damp. Cannabis seeds can take 3 – 7 days to sprout.

Check seeds’ viability

36983366720_b55d10ea87_z

Consider using fresh and viable seeds. There are ways to make sure that you are growing viable seeds:

  • Check the appearance of your cannabis seeds

You can’t tell if you are getting viable or non-sprouting seeds just by checking on the seeds’ appearance. Look for warning signs. Viable cannabis seeds are round, a bit oily and are dark-colored usually from brown to black.

Touch the seeds. These must be firm even when slightly pressed. Roll the seed in between your finger and thumb, this should be smooth with only a few imperfections. 

  • Check for any unique patterns on the surface

If you see seeds with unique patterns such as stripes, spots, and irregular markings, consider this as your lucky day. These mean that the seeds are ready to sprout soon because these are mature. You should never throw these unless these are opened, cracked, with the insides showing or dented. For mature seeds like these, germinate these fast. 

  • Watch out for cracks, dents or any openings on the seeds

Upon close inspection, there shouldn’t be any cracks, openings or dents on the surface. In case you see any of these on the seeds, discard these and use other viable seeds. 

  • Perform the glass of water technique

Now the best way to tell if the seed is viable or not is to check its insides. You don’t need to open the seed for this; all you need is to place these in a glass of water. 

Put your seeds in and leave these to settle for a few hours. 

After the said hours, you will find that some seeds have sunk while some seeds are floating on the surface. Discard floating seeds because these are empty seeds that don’t contain viable insides. These will never sprout or grow. Seeds that have sunk will be used because these have heavy viable insides. 

Good ways to germinate your seeds

IMG_6016

Select from the following techniques to germinate cannabis seeds. If you have no luck at one technique, you can always try another until you find the one that will give you success. 

  • The paper towel technique

One of the most effective technique is the paper towel method. This is a simple method and needs only a few materials which you can readily find at home. You need a few sheets of paper towels, two plates, and water.

Wet the paper towels and let these dry for a while until these are damp. Place the sheets on a plate and the seeds in the middle of the paper. 

Cover the plate with another plate and keep these in a dry, dark and clean environment. You may place this inside a cupboard or in a kitchen cabinet. This would take around 4 to 5 days to sprout. Check on your seeds daily and wet your paper towels while doing it. 

You can see that your seeds have sprouted when the taproot appears. The taproot is the first thing that sprouts from a cannabis seed. This is fleshy but vulnerable; this can easily break as well. 

The taproot means that it won’t take long for the first leaves and stems to appear therefore you must place your seed quickly in its growing medium. 

The taproot may be easily torn off from the seed. Once the taproot breaks from the seed, it could take longer for your seeds to sprout. So never touch the taproot.

Once the taproot has emerged, transfer to the container or growing medium you want to grow your seeds. You may grow your seeds directly from the soil, from a hydroponic setting (something you may consider and will be discussed later) or from an aeroponic setup.                                                             

  • The glass of water technique

Another time-tested technique is the water in a glass method. This is a good way to find out the heaviness and the viability of seeds and can also be used to germinate seeds. To germinate seeds in a glass of water, place the viable seeds in and the glass in a dark and quiet environment. 

Usually, a cabinet or your cupboard will be perfect for germinating seeds. These won’t take too long for your viable seeds to open up. This may take only a few hours. 

Never leave your seeds for more than a day in water because this can drown the seeds or may affect the seed’s viability. Check your seeds daily for the taproot. Once these emerge remove the seeds from the water and place this in the growing medium. 

Plant your seeds in soil, aero or hydroponics. Pick the one that will fit your needs and your growing condition.

  • Germinating inside peat pellets

Peat pellets contain all the nutrients that your seedlings will need once these have germinated. Peat pellets are handy and will absorb water and drain any excess. 

Use peat pellets to grow as many seeds that you may need. 

To use peat pellets, place these in a basin of water and leave it overnight. The pellets will swell and once this happens, these are ready to accept seeds. Take a seed and place it in the middle and fold the top to secure it inside. 

Place the pellets in a stand or water. The seeds will soon sprout and will grow complex roots which will cover the pellet. If this happens, peat pellets seedlings must be transplanted to a large container. You must use sandy–clayey soil and pots that have adequate holes at the bottom. 

Sandy-clayey soil will aid cannabis growth by absorbing water and nutrients. This kind of soil can also make it easier for oxygen to penetrate the soil and allow the roots to stay healthy. 

When growing in hydro or aeroponics, rest assure that your plants will be healthier and will yield more due to being exposed to nutrient-rich water. 

  • Germinating cannabis seeds directly in the soil

Soil germination is the simplest way to germinate seeds. Just place the strain in the middle of the soil and cover. Water the soil until you see runoff from the side of the container. 

When you germinate using this method, your plants should be placed in individual containers. No matter what position you place your seeds in the soil, these will naturally orient itself towards the soil. This can take up to 7 days for seeds to sprout and by the time your seeds have opened, you can choose to grow it in a larger pot. Again, you must be very careful that you don’t touch the taproot. 

Usually, most growers prefer to start germinating and growing in a large container instead of growing this in a small party cups or containers. This will prevent stressing your plants and breaking the taproot.  

Placing your seeds in a grow box or tent

Now that the seedlings have sprouted, you may now place the plants in a grow box or tent. Use grow lights at maximum intensity for 18 hours and the remaining hours are complete darkness. 

Use a timer to monitor lighting and keep the soil moist. Never water when the soil is wet or moist, but only when the soil is dry. When you see roots sticking out of the peat pellets, it’s time to transplant the seedlings into your chosen growing medium. Place the pellet (with the seed in) inside a pot containing your chosen soil medium. 

Create a hole about two to three inches deep in the middle and put the pellet in. Fill the top of the pot with soil to cover the pellet. Press the soil lightly and water it until you see water out of the container hole. Place the newly transplanted plants under intense lighting. 

Water your plants regularly. As much as possible use distilled water or bottled water on your plants. You may use tap water if your supply is safe. Some growers have their water source tested before using this on plants. And when watering you should see excess water coming out of the container drainage holes. 

Understand the different cannabis plant phases

7161622242_c85cfe0573_z

The vegetative phase

The vegetative stage or growing stage is so named because plants during this stage grow actively. Cannabis plants are growing vertically and horizontally and because of this plants need 18 hours of light and 6 hours of darkness. 

Leave your plants in 18 hours of light for 3.5 weeks to strengthen the branches and stems. Some growers also recommend 24 hours of light however, this could be too intense for your plants and may be too costly. 

The flowering phase

At 3.5 weeks, you must switch your lighting to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness schedule. With this schedule, cannabis plants will think that it’s becoming colder and it must start to make flowers and seeds. You will soon see the first buds after 4 weeks of using 12/12 hours of light. 

Learn how to spot a male cannabis plant

During the pre-flowering stage, males and females will develop buds but females will grow buds with whitish hairs. Males will develop balls and sacs that may look like they’re hanging from the plant. 

The balls or sacs of male plants are filled with pollen. These will open and pollinate the female pistils creating seeds.  You should remove males before the pollen fertilizes female plants. After removing males, females will produce unfertilized buds and will soon become larger and denser.  

Harvesting and drying buds

There are ways to harvest plants but the most important thing to remember is the timing should be right. You need to monitor the clarity of the trichomes or the tiny glass-like structures found covering the buds as well as the color of the pistils or the hairs sticking out of the buds. 

The trichomes are clear when the buds mature but as these near harvest time, the trichomes will eventually turn opaque and will become amber-colored signaling that you must start harvesting ASAP. 

When it comes to the pistils, these are usually white or light yellow but as the buds reach their mature size, these will eventually become dark yellow or orange meaning you must harvest soon.

Cut the buds and discard the plant. However, some growers cut the entire plant and dry these in a dry and darkroom. After the desired amount of time, the dried buds are separated and placed inside clean, dry and sealed containers.

Mostly plant parts are dried and afterward chopped into fine pieces. This is used as a bulk plant matter to make joints, teas, cannabis edibles and concentrates.

Dry the buds by spreading these on paper and leaving these in a dark and dry area. Drying happens slowly so watch out for varying humidity because a higher humidity can place your plants at risk for developing mold and mildew. Successfully dried buds should feel dry after 7 days. You can touch these and feel the buds and plant parts are dry. You may also crush a small portion of the buds to check for dryness.   

Special techniques for the first-time grower

Learning how to grow cannabis for the first time is like learning a new sport. Practice well and keep a few techniques up your sleeves and you’ll surely be good at it. Here are some techniques to keep in mind. 

Treat your plants like precious treasures

Whether you’re growing indoors or outdoors or growing for recreation or therapeutic use, you must care for your plants with extra care. It’s easy to find out if the environmental conditions will work with your plants; use common sense. 

If you walk inside a growing area and you feel hot or warm then chances are your plants are also hot or warm. If you feel chilly then your plants are surely cold too. Adjust your plants’ environmental conditions according to its demands. It’s essential to use a digital thermometer and a hygrometer to measure temperature and humidity. 

Give your plants more light for better yields

This is the most important equation when growing cannabis. And like growing all kinds of plants, cannabis plants need more light to create more yields. Experienced growers use LED lamps or HPS lamps for indoor cannabis growing.

We like LED lamps better than other lighting systems because these are very efficient. LEDs will shine brighter and consume less power compared to the two types of lamps. The only trouble with LED lamps is that these are costlier than other types of lighting. But it looks like the pros of using this overlook the price. LED lamps are brighter but won’t burn your plants. 

13213189405_719e1cb671_z

Some cool LED systems to consider

The following are the most updated LED lighting systems available in the market. Consider that these are not just LED lamps but have impressive features that you will find handy when it comes to caring for your cannabis plants starting from the growing stage to the flowering stage.

Advanced Platinum Series LED Grow Light

The Advanced Platinum is an LED lamp that is designed with dual vegetative and flowering with full-spectrum use. You only need to flip the switch and use another light color or spectrum for the vegetative stage and another kind of light for the flowering stage.

This LED grow lamp consumes 255 watts and will provide 2 to 3 times brighter light compared to other lamps. This will provide good lighting coverage for moderately large growing areas at 4.5 ft. x 4 ft. x 18” tall. And when you use LED lights, expect these to last for 100,000 hours. There’s no heat build-up on your growing area because the Advanced Platinum because it comes with its fan and heat sink. 

BESTVA 1200W Double Chips LED Grow Light

The BESTVA grow lights has full-spectrum lighting for indoor growing areas and greenhouses use. It consumes 240 watts and has 80 LED light chips at 10 watts per chip. Just like the previous model, you won’t have to deal with heat build-up as well because this also comes with its fan and heat sink. This lamp can cover an area of 4.5 ft. x 4 ft. x 24” in tall. And with the BESTVA LED lighting, you can control flowering and bud development inside your indoor growing space. 

King Plus LED Grow Light

For a smaller growing area, the King Plus LED Grow Light will fit well. This LED lamp offers 1000 watts power LED lighting which can change color when you flip the light switch. It comes with 100 LED chips at 10 W per chip so you can imagine how vibrant this light is. This also comes with its fan and sink to reduce heat build-up inside the growing area. 

Apollo Horticulture GL60LED Full Spectrum LED Grow Light

The Apollo Horticulture LED lamp is a full –spectrum lamp that offers 300 watts lighting for indoor or greenhouse lighting. This is easy to use an LED lamp that you can take anywhere or install anywhere. Using one or two or three of these inside your growing area and you will be able to cover all your plants.

The Apollo Horticulture will only use 160 W and offers full-spectrum light with 60 LED chips at 5W per chip. This can easily cover a small growing area of 2.5 ft. x 2.5 ft. with just two lamps.

This LED lamp has two cooling fans so warming up your growing area is impossible. With this LED lamp, you can fine tune the lighting in your growing area to enhance flowering and bud growth.

5262748122_64d22269b2_z

Regularly monitor your plants’ progress

Check for soil, root and water pH almost every week or every other week. Your soil should have balanced 6.6 pH to ensure good plant health. A balanced pH is important in the soil and roots so nutrients added to soil may be easily absorbed. If the soil has poor pH, these may not grow well because of pH problems. 

pH testing strips are available from local or online garden supplies shops. If you’re growing your plants for the first time using garden soil or soil coming from your yard, test it out first to find out if this is the best type of soil for your plants. You may also ask a professional to test your soil and water. You can send samples to your local soil testing authority for help. 

Monitor humidity levels regularly

Humidity is very important in the proper growth of plants. You must constantly monitor the air pressure inside the growing area if you’re growing indoors and the relative humidity for outdoor growing. 

Also, take note that cannabis plants require different humidity levels according to their growth phase. During the seedling phase, high humidity is needed for the best growing results. But by the time plants start to grow buds, a lower humidity level is needed. This will avoid mold growth especially mold that can form inside the buds. 

Lower humidity is needed to protect your plants from molds. Once you see any mold, do everything you can to get rid of it. Begin by controlling moisture because this is important for mold to proliferate.

You must improve the humidity levels inside the growing area. Use a dehumidifier to correct humidity or open doors or windows to reduce humidity. Another way is to use fans to control humidity. Finally, you must water only when the soil is dry and not when it’s wet or damp to avoid increasing humidity and mold growth.

Only the best soil works

Your plants need the best type of soil to grow well and to give you good yields. There are several types of soil but the best is sandy-clayey soil. This has better nutrient and water absorption and will drain any excess. This is well-aerated therefore oxygen can penetrate the soil. You may also use your soil from your yard but make sure to test this first. 

Watering your plants

Water your cannabis plants using a strict schedule. Do this during the early morning so that water will be better absorbed by the roots and will avoid evaporating quickly. Never apply water during the night since excess water will only remain in the soil. When this happens, nutrient absorption may be affected and may also contribute to root rot. 

As mentioned earlier, water when the soil is dry and not when it is moist or wet. This will avoid mold and mildew which often develop on the roots. Watering when soil is dry can also prevent increased humidity in an indoor growing environment.

Training your plants early

Growers want plants that will grow more yields and while feeding your plants the best nutrients and watering it regularly can help grow healthier plants, you must also consider training early. There are high-stress training while there are low-stress training as well but the best one for beginners is an LST known as the SCROG method. 

A SCROG method enhances yields by letting all the buds get more light. A large screen is placed on top of the plants as these are at the vegetative stage. This is done to create an even top canopy. Only the buds are allowed to grow through during the screen during the flowering stage. As your plants grow, tuck the leaves and stems in. Allow only the buds grow through, even the small buds located at the bottom so these can get more light. 

Pruning is another training method and it’s about removing the large fan leaves that are found at the bottom of the canopy. Removing the large leaves will improve air circulation will improve light distribution on underdeveloped buds located in the area. 

Trimming improves cola size and yields. This is cutting almost all the leaves and stems will allow plants to concentrate its energy. This should be done regularly and is usually used to enhance yields.  

4464357889_121cfff2cf_z

Growing marijuana in a hydroponics system

Growing cannabis plants in the soil are the traditional way of cultivating marijuana. Soil has nutrients that plants need and will hold water and supplements far better compared to other growing mediums. But soil also has its flaws. 

In some areas in the world, the soil is not fit for growing plants, more so cultivating cannabis. These soils may possess high or low pH levels or may have excess or only a small amount of minerals that cannabis plants need for good growth. 

Soil growing also makes plants susceptible to mold and root rot which affects plants growth. When not properly addressed root rot may be so severe that you may not be able to save your plants. This usually happens since it’s impossible to detect root rot early on with roots are found beneath the ground. And together with other reasons, marijuana growers grow their plants in hydroponics instead 

What is hydroponics growing?

Hydroponics growing is cultivating plants in a soilless growing area. Instead of planting cannabis seeds or clones in the ground or soil in pots, cannabis roots are suspended in nutrient-rich water. 

There’s no soil and only the roots are in contact with the nutrient-rich solution which is flowing continuously through a vat using a water pump. This is one of the basic hydroponics set up. There are a lot more variations. 

We will be focusing on a fully-automated system which will need only minimal management at least twice a week. Hydroponics growing is also for growing other kinds of plants like vegetables, fruits, herbs, and flowering plants. We suggest learning about hydroponics and considering this as an option for growing cannabis to ensure good plant growth.  

Why use hydroponics

Traditionally growing cannabis in the ground has many advantages but hydroponics may give you more than what you asked for. In traditional cannabis growing from soil, plant roots need to absorb nutrients in a manner that requires more work and energy spent. While in hydro, your plants won’t have to work hard to absorb nutrients and water from the soil. 

Also, in soil growing, there is no guarantee that roots will be able to completely absorb nutrients; it depends on soil pH and root health if plants can take in nutrients effortlessly.

Hydroponics exposes roots to nutrient-rich water, therefore, nutrients and water are delivered directly to the roots. You can easily monitor your plants’ roots for health and growth as you can see these in water. You just pick a plant, check the roots and replace it in the growing tray. 

Cannabis plants that were cultivated in a hydroponic setup may have good yields. Because plants take nutrients from the water, all the parts will also develop faster.  Expect bud growth to be quicker.

And since roots are suspended in water, oxygen may be delivered to the roots efficiently. Air pumps connected to an air stone is placed in the system’s water reservoir to replenish oxygen. When plant roots receive oxygen better, plants can make food more efficiently and this enhances overall plant growth and health. 

Disadvantages of using hydroponics

It takes time to set up even a basic cannabis hydroponics setup. Needless to say that you also need time, effort and money to purchase different equipment and materials needed for your hydroponics garden. 

You must also consider the space for the setup especially if you want to install an indoor hydroponics setup. Consider using a large room, basement area or your garage. And although you can improvise and use materials found in your home, you must never overlook the advantages of an efficient system without compromising on the quality of your materials. If you plan to use hydroponics for a long time, consider building a well-organized, automated setup with updated equipment and materials. 

Hydroponic systems also need regular maintenance. Any improperly-working area of the system such as a clogged water line or a malfunctioning water pump can lead to serious consequences. You must be dedicated to using a hydroponic system no matter how automated it is.

Creating a basic hydroponics setup

8536812026_050db00450_z (1)

  • Cannabis plant

Almost any cannabis strain can grow in a hydroponics setup but it’s best to check which one will grow best. Start growing from seeds or you may use clones. 

  • A water tank or water reservoir

You need a large water tank to keep nutrient-rich water that your plants need. This may be made of plastic, metal or any other material which can hold more water. 

  • Water bed

This is the container where nutrient-rich water will flow and come in contact with the roots. The size of the bed may vary according to the number of plants that you want to grow. This container may be made of metal or plastic and should be deep to hold water to completely submerge plant roots. 

  • Water lines

Water lines will move water from the reservoir to the water bed to meet the roots of your plants. There are many kinds of water lines that you can use and these may be purchased in local hardware stores or online shops.

  • Plant beds

The plant bed is the area where plants will be suspended as the roots are submerged in nutrient-rich water. This may be plastic, wire or metal and must be big enough to accommodate the number of plants that you will grow. The plant bed should be easy to lift and to adjust because you need to do this as your plants grow larger.

  • Water pump

A water pump will transfer water from the reservoir to the water lines to move to the water bed. An efficient pump that can run 24/7 is best. Also, consider a battery-operated pump for back-up power in case of a power outage.

  • Air pump and air stone

An air pump will provide fresh oxygen to make plant roots healthy and strong. Plastic tubing is used to take air from the pump to an air stone. The air stone is connected at the end of the plastic tube and submerged to the nutrient-rich water.

  • Peat pellets or cubes

You need the same number of pellets or cubes depending on the number of plants you want to grow. These will accommodate your seeds or your clones.

  • Clean pH-neutral water

Whether you are using rainwater, well water or tap water, have this tested before watering your plants. Ideally, water pH should be neutral and should be free from dangerous compounds which can harm your plants.

  • Hydroponics nutrients

These are nutrients used in a hydroponic medium and are available depending on the growth phase of your plants. These are also available according to the type of cannabis plants you’re growing such as an autoflowering or regular plant. 

  • Grow lights

Pick the best grow light for your plants. Base your choice according to the intensity of light, the cost of buying a set and the cost of installation. Cannabis plants need light but these need darkness so they can grow stronger. 

How to build a basic hydroponics setup

8014254878_0ac536490e_z

Prepare your plants

If you are growing from seeds, germinate with any kind of method. We recommend using a Jiffy pellet or peat pellet for hydroponics growing. Simply soak a pellet in water for a few hours. As these pellets expand slide a seed in each one. It can take around 5 days for cannabis seeds to sprout and once these do, these will now grow more roots and more leaves. 

By the time the roots are thicker, you may now transfer these plants in the hydroponic system’s plant bed. 

This is the same as growing clones. Just place the clone cutting in a moist peat pellet and let it grow thicker roots. When the clone cutting develops more roots, it’s time to place this in the hydroponic plant bed. 

Construct and install the plant beds

If you’re making your plant beds, ensure that the sections that hold plants should be adequate to catch the plants but will allow roots to remain submerged in water. It’s best if you use a movable plant bed so you can easily lift or adjust this as your plants grow taller or wider. 

Construct the bed in a way that it is secure and safe above the water. Let it hang from sturdy posts to hold it on all corners. Plant beds should be constructed out of strong and efficient materials so these may be reused for your next growing project. 

Install the water tank or reservoir

You will now place the water tank where it’s supposed to sit which is higher from your plant bed. This is to allow gravity to pull water through the hose and drain it to the water bed. The bottom part of the tank must have a hole where an end of the hose is attached. 

Connect the water reservoir to the water pump

To connect the water reservoir to the pump, use hot glue or super glue. Make a hole in the reservoir wall with the use of hot iron or drill. Connect the water line to the reservoir well so you can prevent leaks. This is the most common area where leaks are found.  

Connect the air stone

Attach a plastic tube at the opening of the pump and place an air stone on the end. Submerge this in the water bed. If this floats, attach a heavy medium-sized stone using a string. 

Add the hydroponics nutrients in the water

Before even placing the plants in figure out the ideal nutrient mix that will perfectly with a hydroponics system. Instructions on how to use hydroponics are mostly found in the packaging. Most nutrient supplements are mostly diluted in water and then fed to plants like watering plants. 

A hydroponic system should be carefully managed with the right nutrient mix. Follow the instructions provided in the packaging and as much as possible perform regular monitoring of pH and water quality.

Test the system out

After everything is set, test your hydroponic system out. Things to watch out for are water movement, leaks, pump efficiency and the placement of your beds and reservoir. Everything has to flow smoothly before you place plants in. Perform a last-minute check on pH and water quality for optimum plant growth. 

6323913921_3ca1edaa4a_z

Install the grow lights/lamps

There are many grow lamps to choose from but the most efficient LED lamps are perfect for cannabis growing. LED lamps like the BESTVA 2000W is a complete lighting system equipped with its fan to keep the LED lights cool. Because of this, your growing area is a lot cooler. 

This LED lamp even has settings according to the stage where plants are in the flowering stage switch to move from the vegetative to the flowering stage. This lamp is the best for any type of cannabis strain and is easy to install as well. As much as possible, consider an updated lighting system to enhance the growth of your plants using a hydroponics system. 

Place the cannabis plants in

Now that the hydroponic setup is complete, you may now add the plants. Handle your plants with care. Transfer these by holding it on its branch and then sliding the cube inside the plant bed. Never touch the roots because this may stress the plant. 

Transfer the pellet cube with the plant in the growing tray. As you can see, growing in peat pellets is perfect when you want to use a hydroponics system. When you’re done, power on the system and the grow lights. 

Managing a hydroponics system

Just a few things that will enhance your hydroponics growing.  

Clean and sterilize everything

Bacteria and mold should be removed from the system. One way is to use a new or sterilized equipment. An old or recycled system may harbor dangerous microorganisms which can only cause disease and mold growth. Remember, the plant is more exposed to bacteria and pests because the roots are very vulnerable. 

Remember: from the water tank, beds, pipes, and filters, make sure that these are scrubbed and disinfected. Take note that there are pathogens that can affect the health of your plants in a hydroponics system. Never overlook these when planning and managing your hydroponics system. 

Also, observe regular checks, management, and patience with a hydroponics system compared to simply cultivating cannabis in soil.

5535250526_d0182065ff_z

Monitor the growing environment

Use a clean, pH neutral water to allow roots to absorb nutrients better. Check the pH of your water regularly. Monitor your system’s temperature.  The ideal temperature for a hydro system is at 65 degrees Fahrenheit; this permits better nutrient absorption and decreases the occurrence of algae and mold in water.

Monitor humidity levels inside the growing area. Cannabis plants need 60% to 70% during their growing stage and 40% during the flowering stage. Correct humidity levels using a humidifier and a dehumidifier inside your growing area. 

Maintain good ventilation to enhance temperature and humidity inside the growing area. Remember to properly mount the fans so that these won’t block the ventilation system. An intake and uptake fan is perfect to improve air circulation.

Use only fresh, viable seeds

Always use viable seeds. You can find viable, high-quality cannabis seeds from reputable seedbanks. Remember that the seeds should grow in hydroponics. You must be patient and take note: success in hydroponics is not made in one day! 

It may take several attempts at using hydro to grow different strains but don’t worry because just like growing in soil, practice makes perfect with hydroponics. 

Where to buy the best cannabis seeds

Another important component of starting a cannabis growing project is where to find quality seeds. You can buy cannabis seeds in two ways: online and from a local store or seed bank. 

Because of the increasing demand for cannabis seeds, it is now popular to purchase seeds online or from an online seed bank. However, despite being an efficient and convenient option than buying seeds from local shops, it is risky to purchase cannabis seeds and other products online. 

Therefore, before you purchase anything online, make sure that you are transacting with the best online.  

Online marijuana seed banks

If you’re like most people who can’t go to a local dispensary to buy seeds or other marijuana products, buying online might be the best option. Online shopping lets you buy any type of seed and have this delivered at your home. Despite paying additional costs of delivery and shipment, it is a much better way rather than commuting far to buy marijuana seeds. 

Some people will buy seeds online because selling and growing cannabis could be illegal where they are located. Buying seeds online despite any circumstances is something that they are willing to risk just to be able to buy quality seeds. 

Also, there is so much variety when you buy online. There’s no limitation to the type of strains whereas, local dispensaries may only carry a few types of seeds. Finally, you can shop from local seedbanks or foreign seedbanks when you buy seeds online. 

Online buying vs local buying

Compared to buying from a local seed bank, shopping can take longer and risker however most online consumers agree that this is better than dealing with limited seed strains. It can take up to a month for some buyers but despite this, they are willing to wait just to get their seeds. 

You will be able to grow your seeds the moment you get home however, there is still no guarantee that the seeds will germinate. There are online seed banks that guarantee a high germination rate making it safer to buy seeds from these sites. 

Also buying cannabis seeds from a local seed bank is cheaper than buying from an online seed bank. You must pay higher for your seeds and also for deliveries. But even with the steep price, consumers are still willing to order online especially when they are in an area where there are no seed banks available. 

You can now tell that it is more practical to buy online if growing cannabis is not allowed in your country. This may be possible as long as you use efficient and safer shipment options like stealth shipment. 

46394959385_e45f41c7f6_z

Seedbanks that deliver to your country

I live in the US or Canada, this should be the very first thing you need to check. Some seed banks may not deliver to the US because of legal issues. There are also seed banks that will not deliver to a country or region because of strong rules about cannabis seeds traffic. 

To find seedbanks that ship to your area, use a simple search online. Once you find the seedbank, read the FAQs or the terms and conditions of the company to find out if it delivers to your location. 

Also, consider your local laws about cannabis delivery. If this is not permitted then you should consider another option to buy seeds. However, if stealth options are available to ship your order then go for it.

Shop from at least three or more seed banks, buying a small number of seeds just to try their services. This is a good way to try out shipment and if there may be any trouble sending seeds to your area. 

Seed banks that support your mode of payment

As you eventually find a seed bank that will deliver to your area, check the payment options available. You can find this information from the first page or the FAQs or terms and conditions. If the payment option you want to use is not stated, contact customer service so you can make sure.  

Seed banks for stealth delivery

Another thing to watch out for is stealth delivery. Stealth shipment is a method of delivery that places cannabis seeds in unmarked packages. These don’t have your name, address, logos, marks or any information that gives a clue that marijuana seeds are inside it.

No doubt that stealth shipment costs more but many agree that it is a safe way to ship seeds especially when orders need to cross borders or customs.

Seed banks that has several customer service contact options

Consider ordering seeds only from marijuana seed banks that have different customer service contact options. Check if there is a phone number, email, customer contact form, and chat service. You need an efficient way to contact the company in case of any problems with your order. This is why you need multiple methods so they can efficiently help you out.                                     

Use seedbanks with good reviews and online standing

Reliable seedbanks have good reviews and don’t overlook any negative review that has been resolved. Unresponsive companies or those that don’t want to resolve issues with their customers are irresponsible sites. Never order from these seed banks.  

Remember these important things

SONY DSC

Remember scam sites

Take note that there are a lot of people that are out to scam you online considering that you are new to buying cannabis seeds. Most of the time, you are too eager to purchase seeds and other cannabis products that you overlook these red flags. So shop smart and don’t forget genuine reviews of these sites when you buy cannabis seeds or for any product for that matter. 

Never buy from Bitcoin-only seed bank sites

Some seed banks will only accept Bitcoin payments. Although these are very popular, there can still be some dangers when you buy from these companies. Order only from seed banks that accept your payment method or the payment method you are okay with. 

Don’t send money if bank transfer is the preferred payment option

Again, never send money to any seed bank company if it only accepts bank transfer. If the seed bank asks you that they will process your order once they have received payment, order elsewhere. 

75 Easy Growing Indoor Cannabis Tips for Beginners

Easy Growing Indoor Cannabis Tips for Beginners

Ask any cannabis grower and he’ll tell you how easy it is to grow cannabis. Whether you’re growing recreational or medicinal cannabis, you’ll be surprised as to how easy cultivating these plants. In fact, cannabis was discovered as rouge, roadside weed. Up to now, people still find the cannabis that grows in the wild. However, with delicate care, utmost dedication, you can turn a wild plant into a recreational or medicinal wonder. 

But why grow cannabis indoors?

Indoor growing has many advantages. It allows beginner cannabis growers to properly care for their plants and to learn new growing techniques. Indoor growing reduces many problems of outdoor growing like pests, molds, severe weather conditions and poor lighting, humidity and soil conditions. 

Indoor growing allows you to grow all kinds of plants and strains. If you’re new to growing cannabis, you’ll find indoor growing very convenient and rewarding. If you’re taking medicinal cannabis, growing your own supply will ensure that you have a constant supply of your medication.

Here are some tips to help you begin your indoor cannabis growing journey. 

General growing tips

27278542832_185f639ecd_z

  • Understand cannabis growing laws in your state or country

We’ll start this list with a very basic tip: please understand the marijuana growing laws in your country. If you’re in Canada, where growing recreational and medicinal cannabis is legal, you can grow up to a certain number of plants only and will carry only a particular amount too. Every province may have additional provisions of this law so make sure to check local laws as well. 

Also, growing cannabis may be prohibited from where you’re located like your apartment building or condominium unit. By understanding these laws, you’ll likely be more confident in growing weed on your own. 

And if cannabis growing is not allowed in your area, there are still options for you. You may grow stealthily indoors or simply purchase your supply from a grower or breeder instead. 

  • Don’t be afraid to ask for help

Don’t worry, you’re not alone. There are people all over the world who support beginner growers like you. Just search for cannabis growing techniques and you’ll be flooded with results coming from professional growers and seasoned breeders. No matter what cannabis strain you’re growing, you’ll surely find good help online or even from your local seed bank or dispensary. 

  • Read growing bibles and tips

Growing bibles come from expert growers, and this is one of the ways to get useful, trusted and expert tips for growing cannabis. Whether you’re looking for help for growing a specific strain or techniques for feeding, watering, training or drying cannabis, you’ll surely find these in a growing bible. Download one or two for easy access on your PC or mobile device. 

  • Have a growing diary handy

If you’re serious about growing cannabis indoors or outdoors, document your work by creating your own growing diary. This will also help you identify your mistakes, do something about them and better your next growing activity. A growing diary can also be handy for future generations of growers. Pass it on to family or friends who are also new to growing marijuana. 

  • Don’t hesitate to share your success and your failures

We recommend documenting (in writing, online blog or by video) your growing activity. It does not matter if you were successful or a failure, don’t worry. This is how successful breeders and growers started. 

When choosing the right strain

42136026470_d6b2f2b77a_z

  • Check for the strain’s climate requirements

Now we begin indoor growing with some tips regarding choosing the right strain for your indoor growing. You must start with selecting strains that can grow in your outdoor climate. Yes, this seems weird since you will grow cannabis indoors right? Experts say that as much as possible, select strains that will match your growing climate even if you’re planning to grow indoors just in case you need to move your indoor growing outdoors for any reason. An electrical outage or mold growth may be some reasons you need to revert to outdoor growing. But if you can guarantee that these may be avoided then you may not have anything to worry. 

  • Grow easy indoor growing strains first

Select indoor growing strains to increase your chances of success. These strains are specially made to grow indoors and can be cultivated even by someone new to cannabis growing. Just some of the possible strains are Northern Lights, Pineapple Kush, Bubble Kush, Fat Banana, ICE, and Royal Cookies.

  • Consider recreational or medicinal strains

Now is the best time to consider if you want to grow cannabis for medicinal or recreational use. Recreational cannabis is strains with higher THC, the natural cannabinoid compound that brings out the psychoactive properties of weed. There is a consistent demand for recreational strains and of course, new recreational strains.  

Medicinal strains have higher CBD content, which is the therapeutic compound in cannabis. With high CBD, strains are less psychoactive and therefore you may experience little to no psychoactive effects.  THC also has medicinal properties but you need to deal with psychoactive effects. 

  • Determine how many plants do you want to grow indoors

Now you’re ready to grow a particular strain, it’s time to identify your growing area. Which one is suitable for your project? An extra room in your home, your garage or your basement perhaps? Or would you resort to growing inside a grow tent or growing cabinet? The location of your indoor growing area determines how many plants you can grow. For instance, a basement may hold more plants while a grow tent may only accommodate two, three or four plants. 

We recommend starting with two to three plants first and after a successful grow and you’re more confident, you may cultivate more. 

  • Growing closets or tents tips

If you choose growing cannabis in to grow tents or closets then you’ll get several advantages as well as a few disadvantages. Growing closets come with all you need to grow cannabis stealthily. Most basic setups come with growing lights, fans, growing containers, soil, and even plant food. Some high-end closets have dehumidifiers, digital control panels, power strips, and reflectors. 

Basically, a grow cabinet saves you money, time and effort of installing all the growing components. The main problem with growing closets is the size. The most you can grow is around four small plants. It’s very rare you’ll find a growing cabinet or tent that can accommodate five plants or more. Another problem is the cost. Some growing cabinets can be as expensive as $300 to $400 depending on the size, capacity, updated equipment and design. 

Consider these advantages and disadvantages of using grow tents and decide if this is the best option for your indoor cannabis growing needs.

Germinating cannabis tips

Farmer Holding a Cannabis Plant, Farmers are planting marijuana

  • Learn how to properly select viable cannabis seeds

Most expert growers can tell early if a seed is worth growing or not. You must learn about this too and this starts before you even germinate your seeds. Start by checking the overall appearance of the seed. Viable seeds should have a dark color (dark brown, brown, dark blue or black). Seeds that are white, yellow or green are not viable and thus will never germinate. Viable cannabis seeds are usually covered with spots, stripes or any unusual pattern, which indicates that these are mature, and will be ready to germinate. 

Hold a seed in between your forefinger and thumb and press on it gently. If it opens, discard it. Viable seeds are hard, with no scratches, pits, holes, and cracks. If you spot a seed with a cracked shell, don’t germinate it.                                                                                                

  • Never leave cannabis seeds in water for more than 24 hours

A popular way to germinate cannabis seeds is to place it in water. This is also a way to test for the viability of the seed. Seeds that float do not contain any viable insides and therefore won’t be able to germinate. Seeds that sink are heavy seeds because of their viable insides. These should be planted because these will germinate. As you use this technique, your seeds are allowed to remain in the water for less than a day. Leaving these for more than 24 hours can drown your seeds.

  • Peat pellet germination is still the best

If there’s a cannabis growing product that deserves an award that would be the lowly peat pellet. Peat pellets are ideal for germinating seeds. These can serve as a growing medium and will provide your seedlings with the nutrients they need to grow well. Peat pellets absorb water too and thus your seedlings won’t become dehydrated as they grow to mature plants.  

And when you’re ready to transplant your seedlings to larger containers, you don’t need to remove your plants in peat pellets. You can directly place the pellets in the soil. There’s less chance that you’ll stress your plants as you transfer it to a larger container or final pot. Also, the peat pellets are very cheap. You can buy peat pellets from any garden supplies site locally or online.  

  • Always use distilled water

When germinating cannabis seeds, use safe distilled or bottled water. Tap water, well water or rainwater may be accessible but these may contain dangerous chemicals and compounds that can affect the germination of your seeds. 

  • Keep germinating seeds in a moist, dark and quiet environment

Germinating cannabis artificially is also, according to what is natural. In a natural setting, cannabis seeds fall from the female plant to soil or ground. This will be covered by dirt through wind or animal action. If the ground receives water through rain, it this helps the seeds germinate. 

Seeds need darkness, moisture and a quiet environment that is followed by most germination techniques like the damp paper towel technique and the peat pellet technique. Cannabis seeds will soon sprout with the taproot appearing first. After a day, the first round leaves appear and then the first pair of serrated leaves. As the roots thicken, the juvenile plant begins to grow and is now ready to be transplanted.

Transplanting tips

4133802617_897883711f_z

  • Use only sandy clayey soil for cannabis growing

Transplanting seedlings is necessary to allow the plants to grow its optimum size and height. And when you’re transplanting to a larger pot or container, it’s best to use sandy-clayey soil. This soil is good for cannabis plants because it is able to absorb more water and nutrients and will also drain excess water and nutrients. 

Sandy-clayey soil also permits better aeration; oxygen can pass through the soil to the roots. Plants need oxygen to manufacture their own food and for different metabolic processes. You can purchase sandy-clayey soil from local garden shops or from online cannabis supplies stores. 

  • Use the latest growing container craze: fabric bags

Aside from traditional ceramic or plastic pots, fabric pots are now fast becoming more popular. This is because fabric pots can efficiently contain enough soil to grow cannabis but can also drain any excess water or nutrients. 

Fabric pots are also disposable and are cheap. You can buy fabric pots from local garden shops or from online cannabis growing sites. 

  • Never, ever touch the taproot

No matter what you do, never touch the taproot. The taproot is the first structure that sprouts from a germinated seed. This taproot is essential to the growth of the plant, in absorbing more water and nutrients and for stabilizing the plant as it matures. 

But as it is vital to a plant’s growth, it is also very fragile. Touching it can stress the plant and may even break the structure. So whatever you do, hands-off the root!

  • As much as possible, start growing plants in large containers

Avoid using a party cup or a very small container to germinate your seeds and to hold it while it’s on its seedling phase. Grow it straight away in a larger container or a larger pot to minimize any damage to the taproot and from the other precious structures of young cannabis plants. 

  • Place newly transplanted cannabis seedlings under strong lighting and high humidity

At this stage, your seedlings need much higher humidity and will love strong lighting so that it can grow larger, taller and ready to grow more leaves, stems and longer roots. 

Vegging phase tips

33260833061_5e3546de38_z (1)

  • Provide fertilizer mixes with high nitrogen content

The vegetative stage or the growing stage is when cannabis plants are at their active stage of growth. When feeding vegging plants, your fertilizer mix must have higher levels of nitrogen. This nutrient is important in growing more leaves, stems, and roots plus will ready the plant to grow larger and denser buds come flowering time.

  • LED lamps are the best for vegging cannabis plants

There are different types of grow lights available for cannabis growers but the best has to be LED. LED lamps are perfect for growing indoors because these burn bright or even brighter without making the room hot. LED lamps are available in different wattages and colors, therefore, you can find the ideal lamp for your growing needs.

LED lamps are available almost everywhere and are cheaper to use. LED bulbs may be expensive but the costs will be augmented by its many good features. 

  • Water your plants only when the ground is dry

For a successful vegetative stage, water your plants responsibly, water only when the soil is dry and high and not when the soil is wet. Water during the early morning, even when you’re growing indoors) because this is the time when everything is still fresh and evaporation is slower. Thus, your plants can absorb more water than usual. 

If a puddle of water remains on the soil, use an electric fan to dry the soil. Wait until this puddle completely disappears before you water your plants again. 

  • Vegging cannabis plants need ample space to grow

Cannabis plants in the vegetative stage are actively growing and thus need a lot of space to grow and to mature. Whether your indoor growing area is in a room or in a growing tent or cabinet, allow at least two inches or more space between two plants. 

  • The best time to start training is during the growing phase

During the growing phase, your plants will be actively growing and hence it’s the right time to train. Training for cannabis plants is controlling its growth in an effort to get more yields. Just some of the most common training methods at this stage is pruning, trimming and scrogging or the SCROG method. Other methods are done during the flowering stage like topping and FIMming where the bud or main cola is cut to produce more flowers for more yields. 

Flowering phase tips

SAMSUNG DIGIMAX 360

  • Remove males for weed, let them stay for seeds

The flowering phase has that initial phase known appropriately as pre-flowering. This is when cannabis plants show their genders. Now if you want to grow seeds then let the male plants remain but if you want to grow weed then remove them as soon as they show. 

The problem with cannabis seeds is that you can never tell if you’re growing male or female plants. You will only be able to find out once your plants are at the pre-flowering stage. Female plants will grow white wispy flowers called pistils while male plants will grow balls or sacs that release pollen when these mature. 

Males should be removed right away to prevent accidental pollination if you are growing cannabis. If you don’t want to grow male plants, use feminized seeds and not regular seeds. 

  • Watch out for hermies!

Hermaphrodites are cannabis plants that have two genders. This happens in cannabis plants a lot especially when the plant is stressed. There are many factors that can stress plants including poor nutrition, under or over watering, pests, plant diseases, poor lighting, poor humidity, overlooked harvesting times and others.  

There are also strains that are more prone to growing hermies. You need to watch out for these because these character traits may show up during this time. 

Hermaphrodite structures are often seen in females as they try to self-pollinate to save their species especially when harvest time has passed. Female cannabis can grow male parts like balls or sacs and may also have small yellow structures that look like bananas. If you spot these structures, remove the affected plant altogether.  But if you plan to grow feminized seeds then let the affected plants remain. 

  • Provide fertilizer mixes with low nitrogen content

In contrast to cannabis plants in the vegetative phase, flowering plants have ceased growing and thus will now require a new set of fertilizer mix. A mix with lower nitrogen levels and more phosphorous and potassium is best. These nutrients will help grow larger and denser buds. 

You can find fertilizer mixes ideal for cannabis in the flowering stage or the vegetative stage. At this stage when you’re not too experienced with feeding plants, it’s best to use commercially-prepared mixes with carefully measured components. Costly mistakes in feeding plants will be eradicated.

  • Low humidity during the flowering phase

Larger denser buds are prone to molds and mildew simply because moisture can accumulate inside the buds. Molds love dark areas rich in moisture and when these attack, you can never use your buds anymore. One way to avoid this is to remove moisture, increase lighting and reduce humidity. Open a window or door, use a dehumidifier or use fans to reduce humidity and prevent mold growth.

  • Special lighting schedules for regular/photoperiod plants

The flowering phase of regular and photoperiod plants are based on their readiness. If you think your plants are ready, switch your lighting to a 12-hour light and 12-hour darkness schedule which will stimulate flowering. But if you’re growing autoflowering strains, these plants won’t need special lighting because these will automatically flower in just 7 to 9 weeks. 

Harvesting tips

5203469316_9856b42a9e_z (1)

  • Never harvest too late

You’ve gone so far and so far so good! It’s time for harvest time. The most important thing to remember is to never harvest too late. There are certain harvest time cues to check out and this will be discussed a bit later. Remember that harvesting later can also stress plants. 

Cannabis plants are very sensitive in a way that it will sense that the air is getting colder and the nights shorter and thus soon, it will be too late to reproduce. It compensates by turning into a hermaphrodite to save its species. Female cannabis will grow balls and sacs filled with pollen. And just like male structures, it will ripen and open to release pollen but this time, feminized pollen. Another way is by creating bananas which are male reproductive organs that are coated with pollen; there’s no need to mature or wait. 

Your precious female buds will soon bear seeds instead of weed if you wait longer before harvesting.

  • Avoid fertilizer and other chemicals a week before harvest

After harvesting, is the long and tedious task of drying. If you continue to water and feed your plants, these will develop a distinct chemical smell and taste that won’t be very pleasant. It is also very difficult to dry “wet” cannabis plants. Therefore, it’s best to stop feeding fertilizer and supplements a week before harvest time. Check the usual number of weeks it takes for the type of strain to be ready for harvest and base your schedule from this time. Watering should stop about a day or two before actual harvest so drying won’t take very long. 

  • Be careful with harvesting your plants use gloves

Cannabis is very delicate and if you hurry, you can lose some of the precious weed you have been patiently growing for weeks. As much as possible, use gloves to protect your buds from contamination and from being ruined. Also, gloves will keep your hands resin-free because the resin is sticky and can cling to your hands and be very difficult to remove.  

  • Understand harvest time clues

Harvest time is a fantastic time to create the effects that you want in weed. Depending on the strain, you can have light and relaxing effects, moderate psychedelic effects or very strong stoned effects. 

There is a combination of clues you need to check out. One is the color of the pistils of the buds. The pistils are the flowy hairs found in the buds. These change color as the buds mature. When your buds have only a few hairs with yellow, amber or orange color then these are not yet ready. 

Harvesting this early can have very light effects. Having more pistils with darker colors means that you’ll get a pleasing, moderate-high. If you find all the pistils have turned very dark, orange or red colors then you need to harvest fast. You’ll get buds with very strong psychedelic effects. 

Use a magnifying glass to check for trichomes clarity this time. Trichomes are very small, mushroom-like structures that seem to be all over your buds. Some strains have more trichomes while some have only a few but you need to check this for harvest time cues.  

The trichomes will turn from glass-like to very dull, amber-colored structures indicating readiness. When you find that only a few of the trichomes heads are dull and most are clear, the buds are not yet ready. If you see almost half of the trichomes dull and slightly amber-colored then this is the best time to harvest. If most of the trichomes are amber-colored then you must hurry because it’s almost too late for harvest. 

Combine the two cues and you won’t miss harvest time. 

  • Clean and disinfect your tools before harvest

You must protect your buds especially during the final weeks of its life. You should clean, disinfect blades, scissors and all other equipment you will use to harvest plants. Harvesting is usually done by hand and this is done carefully, with special attention to the bud structure. Aside from gloves, you must also wear suitable, clean clothing or a jacket to protect your crops from contaminants. 

Drying cannabis tips

5196133088_abe49cb2e2_z (2)

  • Use a designated room for drying cannabis

Drying requires a large area where your plants can remain undisturbed for weeks. Drying is also a slow process and compared to drying food, these have to be hanged or placed in an airy space so that drying is done evenly and efficiently.

Most home growers use a spare room, an attic or basement as long as the area is clean, moisture-free and undisturbed. 

  • Use a digital hygrometer to accurately measure humidity

A digital hygrometer is very important at this stage to monitor the humidity inside your drying area. The drying area must have very low humidity to avoid mold and mildew growth. 

  • Use a dehumidifier

A dehumidifier can help maintain low humidity inside your drying area. Most dehumidifiers these days are digital, easy to use and requires very little maintenance so you don’t need to worry about using it even when you’re a beginner.

  • Be patient!

Drying requires a lot of patience. You may be too eager to smoke your crops at this time but as much as possible, give your buds ample time to dry out. How can you tell if the buds and plant parts are dry? Hold them with your hands and feel if these are dry or not. Crush a small portion of the buds and leaves to find if the buds are ready or not. Once these are done, you still have to cure them before storing or smoking. 

  • You can harvest and dry plant parts too

The cannabis buds are not the only structures you can harvest and use. The leaves and stems may also be dried and used to make different cannabis products including joints, spliffs, oils, concentrates and more. Dry these together with the buds but in a separate tray or basket. 

Curing cannabis tips

7751097172_dc020e83e7_z

  • Avoid the newly-cut grass smell

Curing preserves the flavor of weed and it helps preserve the buds and plant parts so you can store these longer. A successfully cured bud has a distinct smell but a poorly cured bud has that unpleasant newly-cut grass smell. If you wait just a few weeks more, your buds will be cured and ready to smoke. 

  • Be patient!

We had to reiterate this because some growers just can’t wait to taste their bus that they overlook curing altogether. We promise that your buds will taste perfect when you wait a little more weeks longer. When you’re done, you can already smoke and share the fruits of your own labor. 

  • Cure in a room with very low humidity

Place your dried buds in smaller containers like a mason jar and place the jars in a room with very low humidity to continue the curing process. Invest in strong, good quality containers, but not plastic because this may reek chemicals over time. 

Monitor humidity levels using a hygrometer and correct any mistakes by using a dehumidifier. It’s crucial that the humidity levels stay constant to perfect curing. 

  • Keep the buds in a dark cabinet or closet

Curing needs another component, darkness. Light and heat can stimulate the release of THC and this is not what you need at this time. You need to preserve everything until you are going to smoke or use your stash. 

  • Label your containers

Before you leave your curing stash, label your containers. Place the name of the strain, the date when it was harvested, the date it started curing and other important information. Use stickers if you can’t write on the surface of the container and make sure to clean and dry the containers well before placing your buds to cure. 

Storing cannabis tips

27529091358_45e3304af8_o

  • Use a reliable humidor

A good way to store your cannabis after curing is inside the Mason jar you used for curing. But if you want to keep your cured buds in excellent condition, place these inside a humidor. A humidor is a special container usually for cigars and cigarettes. This small container also has a small humidifier that you can use to keep your buds crisp and ready to use. You can recycle a cigar humidor to keep your buds, pre-rolled joints, and seeds or you may buy these online.  

  • How long do you keep cannabis?

Perfectly dried and cured cannabis can last for many months. When kept in a good storage container, free from moisture and light, you can bet that your stash can last for six months. But as they say, it’s best to consume freshly-dried cannabis rather than the smoke old pot. This is why it’s important to grow only the supply you need.

  • Secure your stash under lock and key

Most countries and states that legalize the growing of recreational and medicinal cannabis to keep their stash safe and secure. This will ensure that children and pets can’t get to them. Never keep your stash in the cupboard, inside the refrigerator or anywhere in the kitchen because these could be mistaken as food especially cannabis edibles. If your child accidentally ingests cannabis or any marijuana product, take him to a doctor right away. For pets like dogs, cannabis can cause terrible seizures and thus your pet must be taken to a vet ASAP. 

  • Remember the rules of storing cannabis in your area

You may only be allowed to keep a small amount of cannabis in your area according to cannabis laws. Never overlook this or else suffer serious fines and penalties. And if cannabis is illegal from where you are located, keep your stash very well to avoid suspicion. You may otherwise just let someone else grow cannabis for you if this is too dangerous to do.

  • Proper storage techniques

Never place your stash at the back of electric appliances since these can emit heat. Heat can damage the THC in your stash giving you weed with a poor taste, smell and effects. Never place these inside your pantry or leave it in your storage area because any strong smell can affect the natural aroma, taste, and flavor of your weed.

Additional pest control tips

216774730_5b980aeb9f_z

  • Maintain cleanliness and hygiene in your indoor growing area

Pests can sneak into your growing area without you knowing. Even if you are growing in a tight growing tent or cabinet, most likely that insects and pests can penetrate these and ruin your crops. One of the most practical ways to control pests is to maintain cleanliness inside your growing space. Always remove dead leaves, loose soil, and litter whenever you can. And if you are growing inside a large room or basement, the more you need to make sure that everything is clean and in order.

  • New plants should be isolated first

One of the most common ways that pests enter an indoor growing environment is from a vector, a new plant. When you’re growing different plants and strains simultaneously inside a room, a new plant can pose a threat to all your crops. It’s best to create a small quarantine area like a separate growing cabinet for new plants. 

As the new member of your growing area remains under quarantine, inspect its leaves, stems and even the soil for any pest. Remember, pests like crickets can burrow deep into the soil and just come out when everything is settled. Meanwhile, minute pests like spider mites can hide along the underside of leaves and be very difficult to distinguish because of their color. Mold is another issue that new plants can bring in so be sure to monitor new plants until you’re certain that these are healthy and are free from pests and molds.  

  • Only use natural pest control means

We don’t recommend any chemical-based pest control products because these can harm your plants and affect the overall flavor, taste, and effects of the buds. A safe way is to use water inside a water sprayer. Spray water on the bug or pest and once these fall to the ground, remove with a piece of tissue.

Don’t overlook pest control because chances are many of these bugs are still waiting and hiding. You must diligently do this until harvest time. Also, monitor leaf health, any bite marks on leaves and stems and wilting of leaves. These signs will tell you if your pest control efforts are working. 

  • When using neem oil, NEVER spray on your buds

Neem is a natural oil from neem trees. This is a natural and popular way to remove pests from cannabis plants indoors or outdoors. Dilute neem oil with water and place inside a sprayer. Spray this liberally all over the plant but never on the buds. Neem can discolor and affect the smell and taste of the buds. However, it is very effective in removing almost all kinds of pests. 

  • Ladybugs will be your best friend

Ladybugs are insatiable predators and will kill most small pests like aphids and spider mites. Use ladybugs to kill these pests inside your growing area. You can place a dozen of these hungry bugs and they can help you all season long. No need to use chemical pesticides. 

Additional humidity control tips

37761951855_d9ffdbbeaa_z

  • Use an intake/exhaust fan system (for a small grow tent or cabinet)

Humidity may be easily controlled by opening a window or a door. You can also use fans to improve humidity levels. Two large USB fans would do or use a large fan as an exhaust fan and a small one as an intake fan. 

Install the large fan on top of the growing room where hot and humid air usually accumulates. The smaller fan should be installed at the lower part of the room to take in the clean, fresh air. The flow of cool air in and stale and warm air out is instantaneous and this can help improve humidity levels inside your small grow space. 

  • Prune large fan leaves to improve humidity

Larger fan leaves at the bottom of cannabis plants are lovely but these can block out air and light causing an increase in humidity especially inside the plant canopy. Large fan leaves should be removed to enhance airflow. Small underdeveloped buds found along the lower canopy can also receive lighting if these are removed.

To remove large leaves, cut these with a sterile blade or scissors. Remove and discard; never leave these lying around inside your growing area as these can attract pests. 

  • Grow only a small number of plants

Maintain humidity levels inside a small growing space by cultivating only a small number of plants. Overcrowding can dramatically increase humidity and can affect the growth and health of your plants. So make sure to grow only the number of plants you need to avoid overcrowding.

  • Use carbon filters for strong smells

You can’t avoid weird smells inside an indoor growing area and this can sometimes be a nuisance. Very awful odors are due to incorrect air circulation and overcrowding. And if you are growing cannabis stealthily, you may end up alerting neighbors and may lead to people discovering your stash. 

Using carbon filters is one way to remove smells. Like using charcoal inside your refrigerator, carbon filters can remove odors and sanitize the air. Look for reusable filters and carbon filters which can fit your exhaust system. These are mostly available from local cannabis or garden stores and also online. 

  • Create a watering plan

Watering plants is also one of the factors that increase humidity levels inside a grow room. The most important rule is to monitor your plants for overwatering or under-watering. You can tell this is by checking the soil. If you see puddles of water then forgo watering for a few hours more. If the puddle remains, check for other signs of dehydration, the root lock, etc. Use a fan to evaporate water and dry everything out. 

Additional hydroponic growing tips

8014251674_5edac900e5_z

  • Hydroponic systems may be simple or complicated

Hydroponics is growing plants without soil. The roots of your plants are suspended in nutrient-rich water in a hydroponic system. This can be as simple as a plant in a vase full of water to as complicated as a system with hoses, pumps, and filters.

Complicated hydroponic systems need time and effort to master but once you are able to successfully cultivate plants, then you can grow anything from this system. Make sure to use quality equipment and plants that can grow in this setting.

  • Regular pH monitoring is a must

pH monitoring should be done regularly to ensure that your roots are receiving nutrients at the right pH. Root pH should be neutral so this can receive the necessary nutrients. For any pH changes, use pH corrector products available in most garden supplies shops. Follow instructions on the packaging. Meanwhile, pH strips for checking pH are available in garden supplies shops as well. 

  • Watch out for root rot signs

A common problem in hydroponic systems sis root rot. This is a funny, yucky smell and sticky fungus that grows in the plant roots. You can easily see this since plant roots are suspended in water in a hydroponic system. 

Root rot is caused by a fungus that thrives in dirty hydroponic systems. Prevent this by cleaning everything at least once every week or every other week. Replace hoses that move water from the reservoir to the nutrient bath because this is most fungi develop. 

Experts say that once root rot happens, your plant may not be saved. So it’s best to prevent this from happening by regular, major cleaning of your hydroponic system.

  • Use only hydroponic nutrients

Hydroponic systems for cannabis plants require a special nutrient solution. Don’t use regular fertilizer mixes unless these are specified safe for hydro plants. Follow the instructions carefully. And as much as vegetative cannabis plants grown in soil have different nutritional needs than plants in the flowering stage, hydroponic plants have the same requirements as well. Remember these when buying nutrients for hydro growing.

  • Backup power is a must

The only problem that most growers have to deal with when using hydroponics is a power outage. Short power interruptions may not be a big deal but longer, storm-caused power outages can affect the life of your plants. 

If you are serious in growing cannabis and other plants in hydro, we recommend having back up generator power for your pumps, filters, and lighting. A small diesel power generator is a good idea while there are also battery-powered pumps, lamps, and filters. We also recommend storing enough gas and batteries in case power outages last for a long time. Otherwise, you might be forced to harvest early if you’re in the flowering stage or to cultivate your plants in a simpler hydro set up or in soil. 

Additional cloning tips

4752141483_9dcecb32de_z

  • Select parent indoor cannabis plants well

The most important thing to consider when cloning cannabis plants is where do you harvest your cuttings. Usually, growers and breeders keep a breeding stock of plants, healthy plants where they harvest clones. 

Choose a healthy female that grow new leaves and stems almost every day. The plant must have good genes, without any pests or molds and should have all the qualities you want in a strain. 

  • Use cloning gel

Cloning solutions are made of hormones that can help stimulate the growth of roots in a cloned cutting. These are mostly available in gel and powder form. Most growers prefer to double-dip their cuttings first in gel and then in powder to ensure success.

You can purchase cannabis cloning gel from growing supplies stores online or offline. Make sure to follow instructions well.

  • You can’t clone autoflowering cannabis

Autoflowering cannabis is types of cannabis plants which can grow faster without the need for specific lighting schedules. Usually, photoperiod or regular cannabis requires a 12-hour lighting and 12-hour darkness period to grow flowers but autos will flower in just 7 to 9 weeks without the aid of any schedule. Autoflowering cannabis is also smaller than most cannabis plants making these perfect for stealth growing.

The problem with autoflowering cannabis is that you can’t clone them to get plants with these awesome traits. If you clone an auto plant, you’ll end up with plants that are in their vegetative stage with no autoflowering characteristics. 

  • Cloned plants are weaker?

Compared to plants grown from seeds, clones don’t have taproots. This is the first structure that appears out of cannabis seeds after sprouting. The taproot improves the strength of the seedlings and possibly the plant because it anchors the plant better in soil. The taproot also absorbs water and nutrients better. 

So if you want stronger and more resilient plants, go with cannabis plants grown from seeds and not from cuttings. 

  • Use sterile tools to harvest cuttings

Any tool you will use should be sterile or as much as possible, brand new, to avoid contamination of the clones. Use a strong cleaning solution or boil metal tools for at least five minutes before use. 

Cut cleanly using one sharp move. Cutting using poor tools can affect root development. Avoid heating the tip of blades and scissors to sterilize it because you can make the tip blunt and this can affect the way you cut your clones. 

Additional training tips

2856864421_5e333b94a9_z (1)

  • Some training techniques are for experts

Save high-stress training like topping and fimming for experts. Although these are very effective, slight miscalculations and inexperience can affect the health and growth of your plants. So please use low-stress training techniques only if you’re new to growing cannabis.

Just an overview, the topping is removing the main cola cutting it several millimeters from the bottom of the flower. A successful topping will split the stem into two and this will grow flowers on each stem. 

Meanwhile, fimming is cutting a bit closer to the bottom of the bud. A successful FIM can create four distinct stems and each stem will grow a bud. As you can see, these methods can dramatically multiply your yields BUT you must be very efficient in doing these to avoid costly mistakes.

  • SCROG is a reliable training technique

SCROG is short for a sea of green or screen of green where you will grow your plants under a screen made of twine or wire. As your plants grow, you need to keep the stems and leaves from passing through the screen and just allowing buds to pass through. This keeps the plants small and allows lighting to reach all the buds. Scrogging ensures that all the buds get equal lighting and air and this can enhance yield.

The screen used in SCROG may be removed once the buds are already in bloom however, growers let the screen remain until harvest time. 

  • Some cannabis strains do not respond well to training

Not all indoor cannabis plants respond well to training so you need to do a little bit of research first. Usually, very sensitive and hard to grow plants will not grow well with training because this can only stress them out. 

Some cannabis strains are just too finicky to grow and require a very controlled environment to grow well. As a beginner, grow only easy strains and slowly improve your skills so you can cultivate just about any kind of strain.

  • Trimming must be done sparingly

Trimming is removing almost all the leaves and stems leaving only a few ones and the buds or main cola. This is done because the grower wants to maximize his efforts in growing larger buds. 

If you must trim, use sterile tools. Set aside cuttings to be used as clones. This is why we recommend using sterile cutting tools for trimming. Place cuttings in water or if you will use these as clones, dip in cloning gel or powder first.

  • Large fan leaves should be removed

As mentioned earlier, large fan leaves should be removed to improve humidity and lighting inside the canopy. Large leaves also block air moving in and around the plants causing the branches and stems to grow weak. A small breeze under the canopy can strengthen your plants and help endure the weight of large dense buds. 

Growing Indoor Cannabis Like a Pro

Growing Indoor Cannabis Like a Pro

Generally, cannabis growers are classified into two: beginner or novice growers and seasoned or professional growers. Just like any activity, sport or job, you’ll start as someone starting your way into growing cannabis. You’ll learn not just by reading books, manuals, and guides or by consulting the best growers but by serious determination and experience. 

Ask any pro and he’ll tell you that it’s easy to grow cannabis once you get a hang of it. It may be quite a challenge especially for delicate, fussy strains but with careful planning, choosing the best strains for beginners and overcoming the challenges of common growing troubles, you’ll do just fine. 

This guide will help you turn into a pro but we recommend growing your plants, following techniques to the T. Don’t worry about poor results, try and try until you succeed. 

Indoor cannabis growing introduction

There are two ways to grow cannabis plants: indoors and outdoors. Outdoor growing is cultivating your plants in an outdoor environment whether your plants are grown directly in soil or pots or containers. Outdoor growing is relying on Mother Nature for air, good soil and sunlight and thus saving you the costs of growing cannabis.  

But sadly, not everyone can afford to grow cannabis outdoors. There are growers located in areas of the globe which don’t have the ideal climate, the best environment to grow outdoors. This is where indoor growing comes in handy. 

Should you grow cannabis indoors or outdoors?

Some growers have the ideal growing environment (picture warm days with gentle cool breezes during night time!) but still, choose to grow indoors. Why is this so? Let’s find out. 

5811766860_9986e633ac_z

The type of cannabis strain you wish to grow

Not all cannabis strains are resilient and can do well outdoors. Some strains will grow better when it’s protected from the direct heat of the sun and even from strong winds. Take the ever-popular and very potent strain Northern Lights. This may be grown indoors or outdoors but growers prefer to cultivate this indoors.  

When Northern Lights is grown indoors, you can enhance its yields, improve its bud size to even twice the regular size. Northern Lights’ automatic version is a small plant but can flower fast in less than 60 days. When given the right circumstances, you can even grow and harvest this strain up to three times a year indoors. You can never do this when you grow this strain outdoors. 

The growing requirements of the strain

Certain cannabis strains need the protection and support of an indoor growing area. This may be due to the strain’s poor resistance to temperature extremes (heat and cold) or because it is vulnerable to pests and mold. When grown indoors, you can control your growing area and provide the best growing space without mold/mildew and pests.

Your area/region’s climate all year round

Growers are not anymore restricted from growing even the most exotic cannabis strains with the advancement in indoor growing equipment. Even someone growing in a cold region can grow strains like Afghan Kush, a strain that prefers warm and dry environments because of indoor growing. 

If you are located in an area where it’s very hot and humid, you can also grow strains that require cool evenings and a Mediterranean climate when you grow indoors. 

How much indoor or outdoor space you can provide

Sometimes it’s not about the climate or the strain you want to grow but it’s just impossible to grow anything outdoors. If you live in the city, in an apartment building, condominium unit or townhouse and you barely have a patch of soil outdoors then the only way to grow cannabis is in an indoor space. 

And some people share their outdoor space with neighbors, with no fences and boundaries. It’s impossible to grow cannabis outdoors this way unless you can afford a tall fence or some kind of perimeter boundary. 

Your experience as a grower

If you’re not confident about your growing skills and would like to watch over your plants better then, by all means, grow your cannabis indoors. Although some say that it’s easier to grow outdoors especially when you’re new to cannabis, you can’t just leave your plants to fate. 

To be good at growing cannabis, you need to carefully consider all the different aspects of growing and all important factors of cultivating healthy cannabis crops. 

Regulations for or against cannabis growing in your area

One of the reasons why cannabis growers turn to indoor growing is because of local regulations regarding cannabis. Take Canada’s new cannabis laws which may vary from province to province. It is legal to grow recreational cannabis as long as you are 18 years of age and grow only a limited number of plants and must be responsible for the plants’ security, odor control and local regulations where you’re located. 

If you live in your property then you may choose indoor or outdoor growing but make sure to install a tall fence and place your plants under lock and key. But if you rent or you don’t own your home, your landlord or homeowner may have strict regulations regarding outdoor or indoor growing. Therefore, indoor growing may be your last resort to growing your supply.

Same goes for people located in places where cannabis is illegal (recreational or medicinal cannabis consumption and growing). Eager growers may resort to illegally or stealthily growing their supply indoors. 

8469811904_d309c486ee_z

Why grow cannabis indoors?

Now that you know the many reasons why most cannabis growers prefer indoor growing, let’s find out why indoor growing is better than outdoor cannabis cultivation. 

Convenient for the grower

Cannabis growers will find growing indoors more convenient instead of cultivating cannabis outdoors. There are many reasons why it’s so. First, a larger outdoor growing area means you have a lot of plants to manage whereas an indoor area at home could mean you have only a few plants or fewer plants, therefore, these will be easier to manage.

Growing indoors is convenient to care for your plants especially during bad weather conditions. If a storm strikes or it suddenly becomes too cold, you can’t take your plants in. But come rain, sleet or hail, you can still grow your plants comfortably inside your home. You can adjust the growing environment temperature, air circulation, etc. without much effort as well. 

You can check on your plants easier

When you grow indoors, checking on your babies will be a lot easier. You can easily move through your plants, check these leaf after leaf not just for pests or molds but also any nutrient problem which is mostly seen on the leaves and stems of plants. 

Another reason why growers grow indoors is that their plants are still in their seedling phase. Usually, germination is done indoors using time-tested techniques like the paper towel method, the peat pellet method and the water in a glass method. These techniques are best done indoors and during the seedling phase, juvenile plants are carefully grown.

Some growers transfer their plants outdoors once these are stronger and have grown layer upon layer of new leaves. You can tell that the plants are drinking and eating well just by its appearance. This is the time when cannabis plants are ready to be taken outdoors. 

Meanwhile, some growers let their plants remain indoors to grow well and bloom. They use special techniques to help their plants grow and may even use other growing medium like hydroponics. 

You can protect your plants more effectively

When you grow plants outdoors, these become very susceptible to attacks of pests and molds. Sometimes there’s nothing you can do about it because there’s no way to keep pests such as hungry insects away from outdoor plants. 

When you grow indoors, you can regulate everything including the health of new plants to watch out for pests. You can monitor moisture and humidity amounts to deal with molds. You need to clean your indoor surroundings to prevent mold and pests. 

And if you’re dealing with sick plants, you can deal with these carefully and tend to your plants’ needs right away when you’re growing indoors. 

Grow your plants stealthily

Another plus for indoor growing is you can grow your plants without fear of being caught. A large number of people grow cannabis indoors because they are prohibited from cultivating cannabis or marijuana use and growing is illegal from where they are. 

Growers can confidently cultivate marijuana and harvest good yields for their consumption. There are cannabis strains that are small and will remain compact and tiny even when these reach their mature phase. These strains are better for growing secretly especially when you can only afford a small growing area indoors. 

Regulations for growing

If you are bound by strict cannabis growing rules then indoor growing is your best option. As mentioned, some strains are perfect for growing indoors, stealthily. Just take the Dwarf family of strains which were developed for growers who have very little space to grow indoors. These plants can grow small and despite this, these can still give you good yields. 

Indoor cannabis growing is a good option if local laws or building/residential laws do not allow the growing of cannabis. This is very true for growers in Canada where marijuana growing and consumption is legal but allows local building managers, owners and lessors may have their own rules against cannabis growing. 

Create your growing environment

With indoor growing, you can create your unique growing environment that’s tailor-fit to the kind of cannabis strain you are growing. You can experiment on different kinds of strains as well as new and updated cannabis growing equipment like lamps, fans, dehumidifiers and more.

Curious grower, a successful breeder

Indoor growing lets you satisfy your curiosity about cannabis. Ask any grower and they will tell you how satisfying it is to grow cannabis and to finally be able to smoke your homegrown weed. Growing indoors lets you grow all kinds of cannabis strains and harness your skills as a grower and as a breeder as well. 

What do you need to grow cannabis indoors?

Now that you’re aware of the many good reasons why more and more growers prefer indoor growing, you must be starting to plan for your indoor growing space. 

Because you’ll be providing much of your plants’ needs, you must consider a laundry list of things before you proceed.  

The right marijuana strain

The most important component of every cannabis growing project is the marijuana strain you wish to grow. It’s not just about cultivating cannabis but picking the right kind of cannabis strain to ensure a successful grow. 

Remember the following 

  • Do you need recreational or medicinal cannabis?
  • Will a smaller or more compact indica be best for you?
  • The growing conditions of the stain
  • The climate in your location or area
  • Any restrictions about cannabis growing in your area
  • Cleanliness of your growing area
  • Recreational or medicinal strains

To grow medicinal cannabis, you must start with a clean, sterile area. You need to maintain a very clean growing area to cultivate the highest quality medicinal cannabis. Consider how medications are manufactured in very clean and hygienic factories and plants. 

Whether you’re growing your medicinal cannabis in a tent, cabinet, in your attic or basement, the area must be cleared and cleaned from every mess. Use a strong cleaning solution to remove bacteria and other microorganisms that can contaminate your indoor growing space.  

Should you consider ready to use growing tents or cabinets? These are indeed easy to install, easy to use and may be upgraded when needed. These are not just for growing cannabis, you may also use these to grow exotic flowers, herbs, vegetables and many more. You can purchase grow tents and accessories from online distributors, local garden shops, etc. 

Best strains to grow indoors

13213466454_1b1505fdb0_z (1)

Choose any of the following strains that will grow successfully indoors: 

  • Special Kush

Special Kush #1 was created by a popular seed bank company from Canada. This indica is the best if you are new to growing cannabis because it’s hardy and very forgiving. This loves warm and sunny climates but may also grow well indoors.

There are impressive qualities of this strain but growers say that this yields small tight buds. The yield may be enhanced by using training techniques like topping or trimming. With just the first puff, this indica will take you higher with its strong-bodied effect and hash-like characteristics. Special Kush is easy to cultivate provided you simply follow its growing requirements. 

  • Northern Lights

Northern Lights is possibly the most popular all over the world. Northern Lights is the best for people new to cannabis growing as well as for people who want to grow indoors. 

Where Northern Lights began is still a mystery and many say that this is from hybridization of its 11 varieties. Some breeders say this was from a very complex procedure which is the reason why there are different versions from different seed banks. 

Growing Northern Lights is easy once you follow its growing conditions. Your plants should consume the right nutrients and should grow in the best soil. Consider training your plants early so these can grow larger and denser buds for the best yields. 

  • Pineapple Kush

Pineapple Kush is one of the classic strains found across the world. This was made from mixing the genes of an OG Kush and a Pineapple strain, therefore, it has the genes of the potent OG Kush and the sweet and pleasant smell and taste of the delicious Pineapple strain.

Pineapple Kush comes with a heady high that will linger hours after you take it. This is the strain for relaxing on a weekend with friends. It comes with a steady effect that will make a good recreational as well as medicinal strain.

You can grow Pineapple Express indoors or outdoors and it will still provide good yields for as long as you follow its preferred growing requirements. It needs good nutrition, training, and good soil to grow and provide you good yields. 

  • Blue Mystic

Blue Mystic is a strain made by combining the genes of two powerful ancestral strains: California and Oregon. This is a small plant that’s great for indoor growing because only grows a meter tall. This may fit in a growing cabinet, tent or growing bucket.

Blue Mystic comes with several impressive features. When you cultivate this indoors, train this early to get the best results. Blue Mystic should be topped or trimmed to get better yields.  This is ready for smoking in as quick as eight weeks. This strain also has a distinct smell, like a very fruity strain. But if you want a stonier effect you must harvest at 10 weeks. 

  • Fat Banana

Fat Banana may have a funny name but there’s nothing funny about this strain’s strong effects. Fat Banana has a high THC content which leads to a couch-locked experience. This strain was made by combining an OG Kush and a Banana.  It is capable of growing high yields and a towering 25% THC content. This strain is not for a beginner user.

If you plan to grow Fat Banana you’ll find this easy to do especially for someone new to growing cannabis. You must cultivate this indoors so it can develop larger and denser buds. This must be topped or trimmed so it can give you better yields. 

  • Bubble Kush

Bubble Kush is indica dominant and comes with a 19% THC. This has a relaxing effect which will give you focus to finish any kind of work. Bubble Kush was made by combining a Northern Lights, Skunk and Afghan. This cross created a potent recreational strain which grows perfectly as an indoor plant.

Bubble Kush offers more yields outdoors at 450 grams per plant but still many prefer it for stealth growing and indoor growing. For a compact plant with good yields, Bubble Kush might be the best strain for you.   

  • ICE

ICE means Indica Crystal Extreme and it has very powerful effects. ICE is popular for its lovely crystal-coated buds with a fantastic flavor and taste. You will get an impressive yield with lovely buds in just a matter of 8 weeks. 

ICE was created by combining a Northern Lights, Skunk, and Afghan strain. This combination may be why it has a strong and potent effect.  ICE prefers to grow indoors that needs an experienced grower. It is an efficient plant but you need to protect it from pests and mold. The large and dense buds are just too irresistible for insects that love marijuana.  

  • Royal Cookies

Royal Cookies is an indica strain with an aromatic, candy flavor that’s like freshly-baked cookies.  It has a pleasing aroma and taste and these are reasons why it’s mostly a daytime strain. 

Royal Cookies comes with a sweet flavor that’s a clue for its high THC at 23%. The top THC content makes this perfect for relaxing and for relief from anxiety, stress, and pain. Growing Royal Cookies is easy because it can be done indoors or outdoors as long as you give your plants its growing needs. 

  • Speedy Chile

Speedy Chile has impressive fast-flowering characteristics. This is a powerful strain created by mixing the genes of a Chile and a Green Poison. These are very strong strains that have cerebral and physical qualities.

Speedy Chile will give you a buzzed yet focused effect. You will be alert and focused. And despite a tiring night, this strain can give you renewed energy. Take a few tokes and you’ll be ready to do different tasks all day long.

Growing Speedy Chile is easy because it prefers indoor growing. This way you can monitor its development and to protect its buds from pests and molds. This will give you average yields and will flower faster. You’ll be able to enjoy its potent buds in less than 7 to 8 weeks. 

  • OG Kush

OG Kush is a popular strain that’s cultivated indoors. This strain has parented a large number of strains in the US because of its stable genetics and potent characteristics. The most impressive characteristic of the OG Kush is its fantastic odor. 

OG Kush comes with a dank flavor which could be smelled despite a long distance. The potent flavor will linger in your mouth and your head. And due to its potent effects and odor, many say that this is not for an average or beginner user.

Growing OG Kush is quite a challenge, therefore, it’s best to cultivate this indoors. As long as you provide this strain with the right growing environment, the best soil and the best food, you can expect large and dense buds come harvest time. 

Creating the ideal indoor growing environment

5811766264_98be3e680b_z

Grow tent or grow cabinet

There different grow tents and growing cabinets from online or local stores. Most beginners rely on ready-made cabinets with all the important components of marijuana growing. And of course, you can make your own growing tents or cabinets using basic materials at home. 

Grow tents that may be purchased online come with complete equipment so you can start growing right away. Here, you can keep your cannabis plants safe. A good tent should be able to keep light with reflective panels along the inner walls of the cabinet. This must have a good door that will keep light inside. 

The tent must keep the strong smell in and removed with an effective exhaust system.  There must be openings where electrical cords can pass through. A tent should be easy to set up and must have a locking mechanism to keep your plants safe and secure.

Growing lights for your indoor growing area

Your cannabis plants are like regular plants because it is dependent on light to grow. The better your lights are, the more your plants will grow and give you good yields. There are several grow lights available in the market with HID lamps, CMH lamps and LED lamps. 

LED lamps are more preferred by cannabis growers. This is the most modern kind grow lights and is known for being energy efficient. LED bulbs are available in different colors, wattages, and designs and are very expensive. But no you don’t need to worry about costs because this kind of bulb will take a long time to get replaced.

As a rule, when using LED bulbs, cheap bulbs produce small buds while high quality and expensive bulbs can produce a good harvest.  

The right ventilation system

Cannabis plants need fresh air to grow healthy and strong. Ideal humidity and ventilation must be maintained inside a grow tent or grow space to prevent molds and mildew. WPM or white powdery mildew is one of the most common types of mold that destroys cannabis crops. 

It’s difficult to spot WPM because this eats plant leaves from the underside. Your plants could become useless and can even die in one night! Most growers find out about WPM when it’s too late and their buds are already worthless. 

To prevent this, maintain the ideal humidity inside your indoor growing area at all times using fans. And to remove strong odors, use a carbon filter. Carbon filters are available in garden stores and cannabis shops and are easy to use or install. 

If you are new to growing cannabis, learning about the humidity needs of your plants should be done early. Many factors can affect the humidity in your indoor growing space. If you want to grow healthy plants, you must begin with maintaining the right humidity levels. 

Remember, low humidity keeps cannabis plants contented and happy 

The optimal humidity of cannabis seedlings and clones is from 70% to 80% which is very high for ripe buds. As your young plants start to grow taller and wider as these are in the growing stage, these need 40% to 60% humidity.

During the flowering phase, cannabis plants should be kept at 40% to 50% humidity. But by the time your plants are at the end of flowering when your buds becoming bigger and denser. Now, these need less than 40% humidity. 

Measure humidity accurately

A precise humidity reading is very important and the best way to do this is to use a digital hygrometer. A digital hygrometer will accurately get humidity readings as well as temperature readings so you will be able to adjust these correctly. Get daily readings and make adjustments accordingly. Be diligent and you’ll provide the best growing environment for your marijuana plants. 

9151okpEpsL._SL500_

How a dehumidifier works

A dehumidifier will remove the moisture inside the growing area. The most updated models are capable of improving humidity levels very quickly so there’s less harm done on your plants.           

There are some ways to reduce humidity inside your grow room but the best and the most effective method is with a dehumidifier. Dehumidifiers are available in different sizes, capacities, and technologies. There are also several dehumidifier designs.  

Commercially-available dehumidifiers come in two different models: refrigerant dehumidifiers and desiccant humidifiers. A refrigerator dehumidifier is a very common type of dehumidifier that condenses moisture from the air. The moisture-filled air passes through a cold evaporator coil system and this is cooled in a temperature below the air’s dew point. 

The result is moisture collected from the coils. Moisture will turn eventually to water and this is collected in a pan and manually removed from the machine. This is why some dehumidifiers models have a drainage system attached to a hose so water can be automatically removed from the machine. 

Meanwhile, dirty air inside the machine is taken to the warm condensing coils and is heated once more. This is removed out of the machine at a pressure. This manner of removing moisture dries a moist or wet area faster and also prevents the growth of mold and mildew. A refrigerator dehumidifier is more efficient especially when you are removing moisture in a larger area or space. 

On the other hand, desiccant dehumidifiers work by passing moisture-filled air into a rotor. This has a desiccant material which can quickly absorb moisture. After the water has been removed from the air, this becomes dry and easier to blowback into the environment. 

The moisture collected in the rotor will be removed by heat. This will evaporate and removed from the machine. Desiccant humidifiers are easy to use. The material is usually silica gel in a porous form. This gel comes with microscopic pores which attract moisture. 

When heat is added, the moisture evaporates and then removed. After moisture is removed from the gel, this is ready to collect more moisture from the environment and may be reused over and over again. 

The best dehumidifier models for your money

To help you pick the ideal dehumidifier for your indoor growing area, we have three of the best products for you.

HomeLabs 50 Pint 2500 sq. ft. Dehumidifier

The HomeLabs dehumidifier is the best for any growing space area. This is fully-electronic which means all you need is to place it inside the grow room and power it on. It can remove moisture from the air quickly because it can take in up to 50 pints of water in 24 hours. Compared to other dehumidifiers, it is quiet and is very easy to use.    

Eva-Dry New and Improved E-33 Renewable Mini Dehumidifier

For a smaller growing space, the Eva-Dry E-33 Renewable Humidifier is a good choice.  Despite its size, this handy humidifier can remove the moisture inside your growing space to prevent mold, root rot, and mildew.  

The Eva-Dry is rechargeable and will continue to work in one complete charge for days. You can use this handy dehumidifier in a room that’s around 333 cubic feet. It comes with a power indicator window located at the front of the device that will tell you if you need to recharge the device. To charge, just connect this to a working power source.

This mini rechargeable dehumidifier can absorb up to 10 ounces of water. It is completely spill-proof so making a mess is impossible. Some growers use two, three or more Eva-Dry mini dehumidifiers inside a growing area. 

Ivation 70 Pint Energy Star Dehumidifier

The Ivation is a 70-pint dehumidifier that can be used inside a very large room. It can take up to 70 pints of moisture from the air in a day so you can prevent moisture build-up inside your growing area. You can say goodbye to root rot, bud rot and white powdery mildew.

The Ivation has a high dehumidifying capacity. You don’t need to worry about removing water from this appliance because it has a large-capacity 1.3-gallon tank.

You can adjust the fan speeds so you can dry up larger areas faster. If you need to dry up a larger area and maintain humidity in a larger growing area then this 70-Pint dehumidifiers is for you. 

image

Open a window to improve humidity and use fans

Open windows and doors immediately after you water your plants. Watering is the most common reason why indoor areas become humid. As water evaporates from the soil and on the plants, this turns to water vapor and accumulated water vapor in a closed area can increase humidity.

Aside from opening windows and doors, add a fan to blow humid air out of the growing space.  One fan has to be installed at the top of the room to remove humid air out of the room while the other fan must be placed at the bottom to blow fresh air in.

Cultivate only a few plants

Grow only a small number of plants this is because more plants inside a small growing space will create more moisture and thus affecting humidity. Therefore, you should always take time planning the number of plants you need depending on the size and shape of your indoor growing area. 

Water only when the soil is dry

Improve humidity levels inside your growing area by watering only when the soil is it is dry. Wet or moist soils is a sign that your cannabis plants are still absorbing water. Too much water will drown plants and will make humidity worse.  

All about pots and soil mixes

You can use any kind of pot but for a better way to grow your plants, use a fabric pot. These are better than clay or plastic pots because this will let excess water and nutrients drain from the soil and roots. 

Fabric pots also allow oxygen to reach the roots more efficiently and your plants need oxygen for proper growth and development. When choosing the right soil mix, choose a sandy clayey soil because this can absorb water and nutrients better. This kind of soil will let excess nutrients and water drain from the roots. 

The best soil medium should have all the nutrients that young plants need therefore there is no need to feed your plants fertilizer mixes. The nutrients in good soil can sustain your plants for 3 weeks starting from the germination phase. life. After this, you may now add growing nutrients to your soil.  

Common disadvantages of growing cannabis indoors

4464358329_d876807d50_z

Be prepared for indoor humidity changes

It is easy for humidity to drop or rise indoors. Humidity can rise immediately after watering or due to a blocked exhaust fan. An increase in humidity can be very dangerous to cannabis plants during the flowering stage and before harvest.

When indoor humidity changes are overlooked, your plants might suffer from molds and mildew which could affect your yields. When not dealt with immediately, mold can cover and ruin your crops and making your buds useless. 

Air circulation, temperature, and humidity monitoring

Growing indoors means that you will be providing light, air, soil, nutrients, and water. Because of this, you need to ensure that even the growing conditions are just right and this includes the right temperature and air circulation.

Indoor growing is not for any regular grower because you need to provide your plants’ growing needs and mistakes can be very costly. Incorrect air circulation indoors can lead to higher humidity levels causing mold and mildew growth. 

Meanwhile, increased temperature inside the growing area due to intense lighting and by plant, respiration can increase in humidity and may lead to mold and mildew proliferation. You must take time to monitor these factors to avoid neglect and costly effects. 

Accumulation of foul-smelling odor

Almost all cannabis strain causes weird odors that may accumulate inside your growing area. Foul odors are natural for some plants while some may develop strong odors when air circulation is poor.  And of course, the foul-smelling odor is not just irritating, it can become too much for your family or neighbors to handle. 

Not enough space for more plants

Indoor growing becomes a problem if you have too many plants growing at the same time. Too many plants inside a growing area can affect humidity and temperature.

Whether you are growing your cannabis inside a grow cabinet, drawer or tent, there is a limited number of plants you can cultivate. You must choose plants that will only grow compact. Indica plants are the best for growing indoors because these are smaller and are compact. 

Sativa plants are taller and wider and won’t be good for indoor growing. You will only be able to choose a limited number of plants when you grow cannabis indoors.  

The cost of growing cannabis indoors

Compared to growing outdoors where everything is almost free, indoor growing can be very costly. Outdoors, you get free lighting, air from the wind, free water from rain and free nutrients from the soil.  

And when you cultivate cannabis indoors, you need to pay for everything including water nutrients, lighting, and air. Consider that your fans, dehumidifiers, and lights will run all day, 24 hours daily and this is very costly for the first time and average grower.

Even the cost of the equipment can leave a hole in your pockets! A type of LED lighting specially-made for cannabis growing already costs $250 while regular cannabis seeds may cost around $20 per pack of five seeds! These are average costs and usually, it is very expensive to buy premium seeds online or locally. 

How to start a basic indoor growing set up?

It’s time to learn how a basic indoor cannabis setup is constructed. We will first discuss how to make a simple indoor setup and then proceed with some popular samples of growing tents and cabinets. A successful indoor grower is aware of a DIY and a ready-to-use setup and can select which one works for his growing activity.

Growing indoors using a basic set up

To grow only a small number of cannabis plants, basic indoor marijuana set up would work well. A basic set up requires the following components:

  • Small cannabis plants in a pot. These are cannabis strains that can grow indoors
  • An LED lamp
  • 2 small USB fans
  • A power strip 
  • Digital thermometer and hygrometer
  • Reflective material
  • Plant food, water, fertilizer mixes

Instructions 

Identify the growing needs of the strain you wish to grow indoors.

Get to know your strain’s many growing requirements including lighting, humidity, water, and nutritional requirements. There are cannabis strains that are very easy to grow and do not have any strict growing requirements when it comes to food and water however, you must need to know about these before you grow anything. 

Select your grow area indoors

Just like people, cannabis requires a safe, quiet place to grow. Growers often use a spare room, an attic or a basement area, wherever the growing needs of your cannabis plants are provided. You may grow a pot of weed on a kitchen window if you need just a small stash or you may also use your terrace or in your patio. 

Take note of the safety of your plants. The area must not be visible from the outdoors and should be inaccessible to children and pets. The area must have low to no moisture to prevent the growth of molds and mildew.

There must be at least a source of natural light in the area. You can save electricity when there is an open window or doorway where your plants can get natural light. 

Set up curtains or tents to secure your plants.

Use a reflectorized material so that light may reflect your plants. This will optimize lighting inside your indoor growing area. The most common are white sheets, white cardboard, mylar sheets or white paint. 

4852573746_fcb8671d1f_z

Install lighting and USB fans

Position the lamps over your plants. This should be at least a few inches from the tips of the plants.  This will allow plants to get the best amount of lighting and prevent burning. 

When installing USB fans, a place near the top of the growing tent or closet to remove warm and stale air. The other fan must be installed at the bottom.  This will be the intake fan that brings cool, fresh air into the growing area. Use a safe and expertly-designed power strip to plug in your electrical equipment. 

Clean and disinfect the growing area

Use disinfectant soap and water to clean the area completely before you take your plants in. This ensures that your growing area is free from molds, microbes, and pests which can ruin your plants. 

Take your plants in

Your basic growing area is ready so take your plants in. After a few hours, it’s time to feed and water your plants.  Feeding your cannabis plants depend on what growing phase your plants are in.

There are nutrients which suit plants during the vegetative phase and there are also nutrients in the flowering phase. You can purchase these from cannabis growing shops online and from local garden shops. 

When it comes to watering, you must do so only when the soil is dry and not when the soil is wet or moist. This ensures that your plants can take in water well and prevent conditions such as mold or mildew that thrive in moist or wet roots.  

Growing inside grow boxes

Aside from a simple setup indoors, you may also use a ready to use grow box. If you are growing only one or two plants, a small grow box may just be everything you need. These are cheap, easy to install and won’t take much of your time to setup. Here are three of our favorites: 

Dealzer Grandma’s Secret Garden 3.0

The Dealzer Grandma’s Secret Garden 3.0 is a grow box that is made from durable materials and is designed to give you the best yields. It looks like a small refrigerator but inside you have an efficient growing cabinet with all the things your plants will need. 

It comes with 160-watts of LED grow lights, reflective walls, fans and enough space to grow two large plants. You can also grow seven small autos or ruderalis strains using this grow box. The door is secured with a locking system to further protect your plants from prying eyes especially when you’re not home.

Autosave-File vom d-lab2/3 der AgfaPhoto GmbH

The Stanley Stealth Hydroponic Grow Box

The Stanley Stealth Hydroponic Grow Box may be smaller than other grow boxes but it comes with all the things that you need to grow your cannabis secretly. It has a 150-watt LED light, a hydroponics system, USB fans, CO2 and a water cooler. 

It is completely automatic therefore you just install it and check up on your plants after two weeks. This grow box is quiet therefore it’s perfect for growing weed secretly in a home, condo or apartment unit. It comes with some extras like a 1.5-gallon tank, bubbler stones, and rock wool plugs to name a few. 

Yield Machine Max 4-Foot LED Grow Box

The most affordable grow box online is the Yield Machine Grow Box. This is ready to use a grow box that will guarantee high yields because it has everything your plants need to grow and flower. 

This grow box has an efficient LED lighting system and reflectorized grow box inner walls. It comes with three fans that will remove stale and smelly air from inside the box and take fresh air in. 

This can fit two adult plants and is taller than most grow boxes too so you can grow taller and stately sativas too. And with this grow box, you can get up to 5 ounces of yield but you may still improve this with training methods. 

Dealing with harvest time indoors

Indoor harvest can happen immediately after blooming or possibly later depending on what kind of cannabis you want to smoke. You need to prepare for harvest time with a good tool that most growers and breeders use is a magnifying glass. You need a magnifier to check for certain harvest time indicators. We recommend using a magnifier with an LED light so you can better check these important factors. 

Take note of the following signs

5137077604_81371eb380_z

Take note of the pistil color

The most obvious sign that your plants are ready for harvest is the pistils changing color. Pistils are the tiny hairs sticking out from the flowers. These will change color to tell that the buds are ready for harvest. When the pistils are 50% to 70% brown, expect that your precious buds are ready for harvest and you should expect weed with light and stimulating effect. 

If the pistils are changing color and are 70% to 90% brown then your buds are ripe and will have very heavy effects. At this time, the buds will be good for recreational and possibly medicinal use. Finally, if the pistils are 90% to 100% brown, then you should get weed that is narcotic and with very powerful recreational effects. Use a flashlight and a magnifying tool to check the color correctly. 

Take note of trichome clarity

Trichome clarity is about how clear or how cloudy the trichomes on your buds. The trichomes are small mushroom-like structures that are outside and inside the buds. Usually, the buds are covered with trichomes and these can change clarity to indicate readiness.

Use a magnifying glass with an LED flashlight to check the clarity of the trichomes. If the structures are clear then you need to wait longer for harvest time. When the trichomes are whitish or amber-colored, you may now harvest your plants. When your trichomes are all amber-colored then it may be too late for harvest. 

Use your magnifying lens to compare trichome clarity of your buds. Always check trichome clarity under good lighting. 

Putting all these together

Most growers will recommend checking the trichome clarity and pistil color to evaluate harvest time readiness.  This means that for best results, the pistils should be around 70% to 90% brown and have milky white or amber-colored trichomes. Your buds are ripe and heavy and thus have perfect recreational or medicinal effects. 

Some important things about harvest time

Medical marijuana plants are pictured as they dry in the Los Angeles area

Check the resin

Checking the resin color is another way to check if it’s time to harvest your flowers. Resin changes in color as your plant’s age. Resin darkens as your plants become more mature. These can start clear and then becomes opaque-yellowish in color. 

Your plants are ready for harvest when the resin is sticky and clear but as this starts to become darker, it also changes characteristics. 

When resin starts to change color and becomes darker, it’s time to harvest ASAP. At this point, the compounds that make up resin are being broken down. If you overlook this period, your plants will not be good for recreation as well as for medicinal use.

Flowering time of your strain gives you clues

Another way to indicate that it is time for harvest is by referring to your strain’s flowering time. This may not be as precise as checking the trichome clarity and the pistil color but this is very consistent and easier to do. There’s no need to use tools as well.

Flowering times of indica vs sativa strains

Indica plants will be ready for harvest in just 8 weeks. Sativas will be ready in just 10 weeks. Automatic cannabis plants harvest after just 7 to 9 weeks from the seedling to flowering phase. 

Sativa strains have longer harvesting times because it has longer flowering times and grows taller than indicas well. Indicas are smaller and bushier and thus will flower and harvest quicker. Ruderalis strains are the smallest of the three and will harvest even faster than the two strains.

How to harvest indoor marijuana plants

5196133088_abe49cb2e2_z (1)

Once you have determined that your plants are ready for harvest, prepare your plants. 

  • Select which cannabis plants are ready

Decide which plants are ready. Set these plants aside and prepare the tools you need for harvest and drying area. When reusing tools, clean and sterilize scissors and blades and any other tools that will be used to prevent contamination. 

  • Stop feeding your plants at a week before harvest

Your plants should be free from nutrients and fertilizer because this can affect the overall taste and aroma. Your plants may taste and smell like chemicals if you overlook this. Stop watering at least three days before harvest time. 

  • Do you want flavored weed?

To add unique flavors to weed, this is the time to do so. You can do this by watering your plants with juice or any liquid with flavor. Your weed plants will taste and smell like the liquid you used. The most commonly used by growers are wine and natural fruit juices.

  • Use sharp scissors or blade to harvest your plants

Always use sharp and clean tools to cut down plants. Some growers will harvest only the buds while some will harvest the entire plant. 

The buds are dried together with the leaves and stem but in a separate tray or basket. The body of the plant may be used as bulk plant matter and cut into small pieces after drying. These may be used to make joints, concentrates, teas, and other cannabis products.

To harvest the buds, cut directly underneath it with a clean-cut and place these in a small basket or basin. To harvest the entire plant, take your scissors or blade and cut it from the ground. Never uproot them. Place your harvested plants in a basket or a tray. These will be dried together with the buds. 

  • The best way to dry buds

The buds have to be dried slowly to get the best results. Use a room where you can adjust the humidity levels and lighting to dry these well. An attic, a guest room, garage or basement should do well as long as there is no moisture. 

  • Leave your buds and plants inside the drying area

Install a wire clothes hanger in the growing room and hang your plants. You may also use a newspaper on a table and simply place your plants on it. Newspaper will naturally dry the buds and plant parts. 

The buds need to be dried in a separate area to help you easily identify where they are. Use clothespins to hang your buds or arrange these side by side in a large vat on top of newspapers. Monitor the humidity inside the growing area using a hygrometer. Maintain low humidity levels always and keep the drying area dry and dark.  

  • Cure your buds after drying

After two weeks, your buds and plants should be very dry to touch. You may smoke a small amount to find out its effects as well. 

But before you can smoke your buds for recreation or medicine you must cure these first. Curing is preserving the natural characteristics of the buds and will make these buds last longer when stored. Curing also removes the smell and taste of yucky newly mowed grass on fresh or dried weed. 

Curing is done by placing your buds in jars without light. Place these inside a cabinet or a cupboard for at least two weeks. After this period, you are ready to smoke your pot. 

  • Store your cannabis securely

Now that your buds and plant material are dried and cured place these inside containers like a mason jar or a microwavable plastic container. Place a food-grade desiccant or small bits of rice inside the container to preserve your buds and to remove moisture. 

When cannabis is stored right, these can last for years. Place a label on the container with your name, the date of harvest and the name of the strain. 

Can Marijuana Make You Smarter What Experts Want You to Know

Can Marijuana Make You Smarter What Experts Want You to Know

It was once believed that cannabis was a portal to stupidity. Some people assumed that no circumstance how much ability a person possessed when he or she arrived on this planetoid, smoking marijuana was the one dependable means to move them down the burned-out bunny chamber where they would be wrecked to use the remainder of their times playing like Beavis and Butthead.

Myth: Marijuana Makes you Stupid

The modern account of the debate can be followed to a 2012 Duke University study, which discovered that tenacious, massive cannabis treatment through teens and young adulthood was correlated with slumps in IQ.

Two latest articles this month take the connection between cannabis usage and knowledge from two extremely distinct angles: One examines the time paths of 2,235 British adolescents within ages 8 and 16, and the other aspects at the distinctions within American identical twin pairs in which one counterpart practices cannabis and the other make not.

But science has since confirmed that cannabis does not cause people shallow. It positively makes the total contradiction. Although it might do a little dubious to assume that cannabis causes people brighter, it does seem to raise consciousness and unlock the gates of knowledge.

Some researchers have revealed that people residing in legalized countries are now utilizing cannabis as an option for medical remedies. There is even proof that the national legalization of cannabis could help recognize the United States out of the abysses of opioid dependence – a switch that is slaughtering tens of thousands of people every cycle.

It attains to understanding that if cannabis consumers are getting more desirable decisions concerning the overall well-being that they are first becoming trained about the chemistry of the plant. Even though there is an inadequate amount of analysis out there explaining that cannabis is a comprehensive approach for all of the diseases that people indicate it to do, several appreciated thoughts are proving that cannabis has numerous remedial advantages.

Cannabis and IQ

There is rather limited study considering the long-term outcomes of cannabis, and the knowledge that is out there is remarkably inadequate. This creates it tricky to reach up with definitive resolutions and even more challenging to conclude with confidence that biases in any provided subject serve specific relationships within cannabis and brain.

During the succeeding eight years, the problems created a variety of conventional mental experiments, many of which centered on spoken consciousness, managing memory, and knowledge. Unlike the other research, specialists established for various volatile carrying gender and cultivation. After these analytical changes, the examination revealed no meaningful between-group variations. Vaporizing marijuana had no discernible impression on cognitive representation except short-term linguistic memory experiments where modern massive consumers worked unsuccessfully.

Intriguing research by the Salk Institute for Biological Studies was written on June 2016 and discovered that weed may produce you more intelligent. According to the research, cannabinoids before-mentioned as THC hinders the inflammatory rejoinder and arouse the replacement of intraneuronal Aβ. In the event you’re querying, Aβ is also recognized as amyloid-beta and is a protein associated with Alzheimer’s. Expertise noticed that the THC in marijuana decreased swelling levels and guaranteed the brain cavities remained active. In fundamental phrases, THC guarded the cell and enabled it to repair itself.

How it Influences Intelligence

To know how cannabis influences mentality, it’s essential to comprehend specifically how knowledge gets treated in the brain. Essentially, every moment you have a concept, catch a sigh or practice a response, your brain is giving electrical signs from one neuron to the dendrite of another. Seldom, the taking neuron continues and transfers the information along to the succeeding one and sometimes it sets off, needs a pause, and the sign dyes. This occurs to provide the brain with an opportunity to unwind and concentrate on other regions as required.

When THC becomes altered, it communicates with this method, virtually capturing the tracks and judging for us what to concentrate on and what to disregard. When the roads terminate, we miss record of our ideas mid-sentence or have a difficult time directing in school, but when they remain accessible, they shoot in all kinds of fascinating methods! This conflicting thought performs a fundamental part in cannabis’ capacity to encourage artistry and is supposedly the cause, so many prosperous people are regular marijuana users, as well.

6784574532_9952aaca3b_z

Neurogenesis

In modern years, a substantial body of research has revealed the signaling systems included in cannabinoid-mediated control of neurogenesis. This favorable report compiles the confirmation that the cannabinoid method is elaborately connected with neuronal modification and highlights natural and external warning devices that are cannabinoid quarries. 

According to the University of Queensland, neurogenesis is the method by which distinct neurons are created in the brain. Neurogenesis is essential when an egg is generating but also remains in specific brain areas after delivery and during our generation.

The adult brain has several technoscientific fields of purpose and neurons that vary information and relationships. The hippocampus, for instance, which is a brain area that represents an essential part in the thought and dimensional exploration, solely has at most limited 27 various sorts of neurons.

People involved in how marijuana might be capable to enhance their overall wellness and well-being will likewise start studying into why this plant is still essentially banned in the United States. This implies taking in impact with the account of cannabis prescription. It is at this period that they will discover how it is one of the greatest cheaters in of the 20th Century – one that is ethnic imposed and still offering to hundreds of thousands of delays every year. They’ll likewise understand that very few are being made in Congress to improve the condition.

Cannabis may not address people cleverer, but it has never provided to the talking down of community either. If this were the predicament, the shrub would not have delivered the improvement it has across the prior several decades.

As important as we would desire to state that cannabis is brain confectionery, there isn’t sufficient accessible proof to reach that outcome. Introductory judgments are exhilarating, and we believe that specialists are granted more comprehensive permission to examine the long-term results of marijuana on personal intellect.

Cannabis Growing Methods Every Grower Should Know

Cannabis is the world’s most popular plant and is arguably the most widely cultivated plant in all of history. As such, people all over the world have been cultivating it for thousands of years and in different types of climates and under various conditions while using unique growing methods. As such, there is more than one way of growing and cultivating marijuana plants.

If you are interested in growing your own cannabis plants, here are the growing methods that growers should very well know:

Regular methods

5811767230_a2524098b4_z (1)

  • Outdoor growing

Growing marijuana outdoors is growing the plants in their “natural” state. That means that you will mostly be relying on nature to do its thing when you are cultivating your cannabis plants outdoors as your plants will get their supply of nutrients mostly from what they can find in your backyard. Of course, you also need to supplement them with water and nutrients as well so that they will grow up healthy and thriving.

Outdoor growing tends to be one of the more affordable ways of cultivating marijuana because you simply need to plant them outdoors either directly in your backyard soil or in their own pots. What makes it an affordable way of growing cannabis is that you will be relying on the sun on to provide your plants with the heat and light they need. You can even rely on rain from time to time to provide give your plants plenty of water. And if you happen to have good soil in your backyard, there is no need for you to buy nutrient-rich garden soil. 

The problem, however, is that outdoor growing tends to rely on climate conditions. Not all strains of marijuana can grow in a certain climate. For example, indicas prefer cold and dry climates. As such, the strains you can grow outdoors are limited by the climate of the place or region you live in. Pests can and inclement weather can also be problems when growing your cannabis outdoors.

  • Indoor growing

Indoor growing is arguably one of the more expensive ways of cultivating marijuana plants because you have to rely on an artificial set up to mimic the conditions needed for cannabis to grow properly. Most indoor growers use a grow room or a grow tent where they can isolate their plants in a space that allows them to control climate conditions. Such grow rooms tend to have their own artificial lighting and climate control systems that can be adjusted depending on the needs of a certain strain.

In a lot of places around the world, indoor growing is very popular because marijuana growers can easily grow any type of strain they want just by simply giving them the conditions that are suitable for them to grow properly. For example, you can grow an indica if you happen to live in a place with a tropical climate by using an indoor grow room.

A knock on this kind of growing method is that it can be quite expensive. Not only do you have to invest in a grow room and the fixtures and systems you need to control the climate conditions but you also have to shell out a lot of money for electricity expenses. Also, indoor growing tends to have lower yields compared to outdoor growing, which allows the plants to have tons of sunlight.

  • Greenhouse method

Growing your marijuana plants in a greenhouse is like a mix of outdoor growing and indoor cultivation. In a greenhouse, you can keep your plants in a place where they can get a lot of sunlight while also making sure that they are safe from outside exposure. Greenhouses also allow you to control the climate conditions as well as the lighting exposure. As such, some say it is better than outdoor cultivation because of the added safety while others also say that it is better than indoor growing because you can get more sunlight using this method.

The problem with greenhouse growing is that it is very expensive for you to construct one and is better suited for those who are growing marijuana plants on a large-scale basis. While a greenhouse is much more energy-efficient compared to indoor growing, it is still a very expensive endeavor that not everyone can afford. And if you happen to live in a place where there is a limit to how many plants you can grow, you will be wasting a pretty good greenhouse by cultivating only six to eight plants.

Advance methods

8735236327_c51c7aaf81_z (1)

  • Cloning

When you hear the word “cloning”, you should not mistake it for the sci-fi type of cloning you see in movies and on television. It actually is pretty basic in the sense that you do not even need any advanced high-tech materials to get the job done. All you need is to cut off a branch or a healthy stem from a mature and thriving female marijuana and then plant it in its own soil, give it the nutrients it needs, and then allow it to grow.

The good thing about cloning is that you no longer need to purchase a new seed because you are practically only making a genetic copy of the mother plant. This way, it is faster and much more affordable for you to grow a new plant. And if the mother plant is a particularly healthy plant that produces high-quality buds, there is a good chance that the clones will also have the same attributes because they are merely copies or extensions of the mother plant.

However, a bad thing about cloning is that your clones will also carry the problems and weaknesses of the mother plants. Clones also tend to have a shorter lifespan because they are generally the same plants as the mother. When you plant the clones, they already are just as old as the mother plant.

  • Hydroponics

Hydroponics is an advanced method of growing cannabis and is best left for those who want to grow marijuana on a large-scale basis instead of just simply cultivating them for personal purposes. That is because hydroponics can be quite expensive both when you buy the system and when you maintain it.

When you grow plants in a hydroponics setup, you basically are not using soil. What happens here is that the plants are suspended where their roots are allowed to grow through a net container. Nutrient-rich water vapor is then consistently sprayed on the roots to provide the plants with all the food and nutrients they need. Hydroponics tend to produce higher yields because of how the plants are consistently getting a lot of nutrients. 

  • Sea of green method (SOG)

Another popular advance method of growing cannabis is the SOG. The sea of green method involves growing a lot of different small plants in a cramped space instead of growing regular-sized marijuana in the same space. This method forces the plants to vegetate quickly and to move to the flowering phase in about two weeks. That means that it produces buds in a short amount of time because the plants do not have the luxury of time and space to grow big. This method is best for those who want to produce a lot of buds in as efficient a way as possible.

However, the downside to growing using the SOG method is that it takes a lot of effort for you to grow multiple small plants instead of just a few large plants. It can also be bad for those who have a limit to how many plants they can grow. Of course, the SOG method also puts the plants at risk to molds and mildew because of how you will be growing them in a cramped space. 

Be Stress-Free with These 15 Best Cannabis Strains

Be Stress-Free with These 15 Best Cannabis Strains

We can admit to ourselves that we have been living in the most stressful part of our lives, even in the history of the entire mankind- our dreams, career, love, family, money, health, including the place where we live- most of these things make us crazily think for so many hours, worrying us a lot on what will happen in our future.

Good thing, the Marijuana plants are always there to give us confidence and hope in these times of uncertainty and confusion. Marijuana strains can offer us relaxation and tranquility despite having the worst problems that a single person could ever face. Sit back, relax, and enjoy discovering the Best 20 Cannabis Strains that suppresses Stress.

The Nature of Stress

Stress is an episode of our life that brings physical and emotional tension. It derives from any thoughts that offer our minds to think negatively, causing us great discomfort and unusual feeling of being unease leading to fear, frustration or anger.

It is a natural part of our growth where we can meet new circumstances that can challenge our well-being and give us an important lesson in life. However, if this episode lasts for more than the average, it may give us a series of health conditions that may lead to worse situations.

There are two types of stress, the acute and chronic ones.

Acute stress comes from a sudden change of situations in our daily lives such as immediate extinguishing of a burning kitchen stove with water, sudden anger because of misunderstandings with your workmate, or being excited to travel faster with a new bike downhill.

On the other hand, Chronic stress is due to major issues that can happen in our lives. These may have come from the tragic death of a loved one, hard-to-pay debts, longstanding fight with a relative because of inheritance, failing relationships, or even quarter-life crisis.

The Top 15

6954211255_c13d13e56e_z

  • Blue Dream

Blue Dream is a cross-breed of Indica Blueberry and a Sativa Haze. This perfect match gave way to this powerful child which can deter your appetite and encourage you to do more than eating.

It has a THC volume of up to 27%, one of the highest in the present times but this strain has managed to sustain a 2% CBD in its system, somewhat neutralizing the intense effect that THC can do with your body. Its flavor ranges from Blueberry, Sweet, and Berry-like. 

This plant is known to treat Stress, Depression, Headaches, and Localized Body Pains. As it suppresses these conditions, Blue Dream leaves its users happy, relaxed, creative, and euphoric. The plant’s flowering cycle lasts from 7 to 9 weeks with a tall height reaching up to 6 feet.  

Despite its high THC content, this strain is easy to grow, considering its popularity among the West Coast States in the United States and Canada. There are easy-to-understand guides produced by the other experienced users and online forums as well.

  • Sour Diesel

The most renowned Sativa with a smell of diesel, Sour Diesel is a dynamic product of the cross-breeding from the prominent strains of Chemdog 91 and Super Skunk. Its THC content has a volume of 25% and is known to heal stress, depression, fatigue, and body pains. As a result, it can make its users feel happy, uplifted, energetic, and euphoric.  

Due to its high THC concentration, Sour Diesel is recommended for morning use and has strong flavors that range from Diesel, pungent, and earthy. It is not advisable for the first-timers to use the said strain as this can bring a cerebral effect that may last for longer hours.

  • Girl Scout Cookies

Girl Scout Cookies or GSC as some may know has been the darling of the crowd for most of the medical Cannabis users in the USA and those who simply want to use it for recreation in both coasts of the US. Its THC content ranges from 24% to 28%.

This hybrid strain is known to taste like earthy, sweet and sometimes, flowery and helps people with difficulties of sleeping at night. This strain is particularly good for people who are being treated with Post-Traumatic Conditions, or those who are recovering from any fateful events happened with their lives. 

  • Northern Lights

This is one of the most prominent and most awarded strains that has ever existed in the world. The Northern Light Strain is a result of the cross-breeding of Afghan and Thai landrace strains propagated in the Netherlands by a big and prominent seed bank of all time. 

The Northern Lights sealed its indelible mark in the Industry due to its high THC content and powerful effects. Its THC content ranges from 16% to 21%.

Northern Lights is highly regarded as one of the classic strains that continue to dominate and influence the Global Marijuana Market. 

  • Cannatonic

Cannatonic is a milder strain with 6% THC and 2% CBD volumes. It is good for the afternoon sessions and encourages its users to be relaxed, uplifted, happy, and focused.

This strain is a cross-breed of a female MK Ultra and a male G13 Haze. Due to its hybrid nature, it can effectively cure different health conditions such as muscle spasms, migraine, headaches, and other psychological symptoms as well as other body pains. Apart from these things. Its flavors range from woody to earthy, then citrus.

  • Harle-Tsu

Harle-Tsu comes from 2 dynamic Indica Strains- Harlequin and Sour Tsunami- that produced better offspring with abundant CBD Content of up to 24%. Instead of giving you a high, Harle-Tsu gives you a sudden mellow, peaceful and relaxing feeling.

This strain applies to people who work in daytime who experience consistent body pains.

  • Chemdawg

Derived from its parents Nepalese and Thai Landraces, this powerful strain can knock you down like fighting a world champion boxer in Las Vegas.

This strain is the origin of other prominent strains in the United States such as OG Kush and Sour Diesel. The strain has 15%-20% THC volume, making it notorious for the users to experience a cerebral roller coaster as they use it. 

  • ACDC

ACDC came from Cannabis Ruderalis and Cannatonic with 19% CBD volume and has originated in the farms of Spain.

This strain got its name due to its evenly balanced ratio of Indica to Sativa Strains (50:50). Apart from this, patients with alcoholism and other medical conditions such as seizures and severe pain can be treated with this strain.

  • Amnesia Haze

Another prominent Sativa strain, Amnesia Haze is known to have a THC content of up to 25% and is good for Afternoon use. This is a successful cross-breed of 7 Sativa and Indica landrace strains from different places of the Earth- Afghan, Cambodian, Hawaiian, Jamaican, South Asian, and Thai, together with the Haze strain.

The strain is known to make its users happy, energetic, focused, and euphoric.

Aside from Anxiety, it can also treat body pains, loss of appetite, and depression. Its flavors range from being earthy, then lemon-like to citric.

  • Pineapple Express

Pineapple Express is one of the most remarkable Indica-dominant Strains that can help in suppressing anxieties. This fruity strain hails from the United States and earns equal recognition with the other fruit-inspired Indica Strains, such as Grape and Pineapple Express. 

It can withstand the harsh and cold climate while offering you a unique tropical flavor of Marijuana strains during the winter. Its flowering cycle ranges from 8 to 10 weeks, with its leaves thickly covered with crystallized resins, especially during the height of Canadian Winter months.

  • Granddaddy Purple

Granddaddy Purp is a cross-breed of Purple Urkle and the Big Bud. The strain has been developed by a renowned Marijuana Grower Ken Estes in 2003 at California. Its THC content ranges from 18% to 23%.

This strain is best used at night before sleeping as the Granddaddy Purple is a creeper and does not use any cerebral approach, another good method to suppress the fears that you are feeling at any moment.

One cannot deny that Granddaddy Purple is worthy to be called the Grandfather of Indica Strains because of its great benefits.

  • Strawberry Cough

Smells like the fresh strawberries, this strain has been remarkable for the people who particularly experience anxiety against the society or meeting other people. Its THC content is a normal 23% and is good for Morning Use.

It is known to leave its users happy, energetic, uplifted, and euphoric. It can also treat other illnesses such as body pains, fatigue, depression, and lack of appetite.

Meanwhile, its aromatic flavors range from strawberry, sweet, and berry.

  • White Fire OG

This hybrid strain, also known as WiFi OG, has earned its reputation in bringing cerebral effects to its users, especially with first-time users. The strain is greatly remembered with its whopping 22% to 28% THC content with relatively low CBD content ranging from 0.3 to 0.5%.

White Fire is the product of cross-breeding of the strains The White and Fire OG. Due to its powerful lineage, the strain evolved and even surpassed its parents in terms of containing THC volume and bringing effects to its users.

  • Chocolate Diesel

Have you ever considered taking a diesel strain with a hint of chocolate spreading at your palate? This is how the Chocolate Diesel works for its users. This is a cross-breed of Sour Diesel and Chocolate Thai. From that experiment, an indulging strain was born.

Its THC content is 18%- a bit lower compared than the earlier mentioned diesel strains in this list and can treat any inflammations, body pains, stress, and fatigue. How about its effect? It simply makes its users energetic, creative, and euphoric.

This mouth-watering strain has its other aromatic flavors of being earthy and flowery. 

  • Super Silver Haze

Another prominent Sativa Strain, Super Silver Haze has earned recognition and awards way back in 1997, 1998, and 1999. This strain is a triple cross-breed of Skunk, Haze, and Northern Lights. Its THC content is 23% and lies within the average of any Marijuana Strains. Of the 8 strains featured here, Super Silver Haze is the only strain that came from three parents.

This strain is known to treat stress, depression, fatigue, and pain. It also encourages its users to eat less while promoting being energetic, happy and uplifted.

Its flavors range from earthy to citrus and sweet.

How does Marijuana treat our stresses?

The Cannabis process of healing our stress is basically the same as how Marijuana treats people with Anxiety and Depression.

THC acts as a reactive chemical with our Endocannabinoid System and triggers to release pain-relieving hormones throughout our body. As soon as the smoke you made from THC-rich weeds enters your Respiratory System, the chemical is easily absorbed in your lungs and mixes with your blood.

From your blood, the chemical triggers your nervous system and gives signals to your Endocannabinoid System for the secretion of hormones, needed for the completion of the chemical reaction.

And from this point, the glorious high and devastating side effects kick in. This is how Marijuana’s THC can change you. Unlike the CBD, THC primarily encourages its users to be active, sociable and creative, making it suitable for the people working for long hours in a daytime setting.

On the other hand, the CBD or Cannabidiol is known to suppress the activities of its user, the moment this chemical reacts in our bloodstreams.

Contrary to THC, CBD slows down its users, giving them a sense of relaxation and sedation, especially to those who combat sicknesses that involves involuntary muscle movements and neurological impairments. It also has a pain-killing property which is very helpful to its patient users. Cannabis Indica plants have the richest deposits of CBD chemicals, contrary to what do Sativa and Hybrid plants have.

The process of CBD’s fusion with our body system is similar to how does the THC mixes in our bloodstream until it reaches our nervous and endocannabinoid systems.

A Guide to Microdosing Marijuana

Microdosing Marijuana

There probably is a growing number of marijuana users all over the world today because of the legalization of cannabis in major countries. While the common belief about marijuana is that consuming more in terms of potency and amount is better, there is also a growing number of believers who advocate for less to get the effects of weed without the buzz that frankly is not for everyone. That is why those people prefer to microdose with cannabis instead of taking on the full dosage.

What is microdosing?

At this point, you probably have heard of the many benefits of marijuana both recreationally and medicinally. Truth be told, it can be very difficult to not love what cannabis can do to you because of its many therapeutic qualities and great effects. However, what is also equally true is that consuming weed comes with the buzz or the psychoactive high that can lead to different sensations both mentally and physically. 

While there really isn’t something generally bad about weed’s psychoactive effects, it can disrupt your daily activities and interrupt your productivity. And frankly speaking, that sensation really isn’t for everyone as there are some people who probably do not enjoy marijuana’s psychoactive high. This is where microdosing comes in.

The word already implies its meaning. When you microdose with marijuana, you are not taking the full dosage that is mostly prescribed for you to get the full effects of weed. Instead, you are only taking it in minute amounts so that you can still get the high-quality therapeutic benefits of marijuana without the psychoactive effects you can get from taking in the optimal THC dosage. Essentially, what you are doing when you are microdosing is that you are taking in a dosage that is below the threshold level that THC requires for you to feel the buzz coming from its psychoactive properties. 

But that does not mean that you will not be feeling the effects that come from the THC found in marijuana. Instead, you will only be feeling sub-perceptual effects that are quite subtle and mild compared to the one you will feel if you take marijuana at levels above the threshold point. As such, microdosing will still have psychoactive effects but they are too subtle that they probably will not be enough to significantly change your mood and your overall mental and physical state. 

However, even if you only microdose, you will still feel some of the therapeutic effects that are associated with marijuana and THC. At minute amounts, marijuana can still make you feel more creative, happier, and less stressed. It can also help improve the way you sleep and the way you handle chronic body pains and aches. And the best part about all of that is that you can benefit from such effects without feeling the heavy psychoactive buzz of consuming marijuana above the threshold level.

In that sense, microdosing cannabis is good for those who want to benefit from its therapeutic effects but are not too fond of its psychoactive buzz. It is also good for those who are just starting out with marijuana as microdosing can help them adjust slowly yet steadily to the effects associated with THC. 

How to microdose with marijuana

6281988279_f29e2b64be_z

  • Optimal microdose

What is the dosage for the optimal microdose? Well, it usually depends on you and your individual tolerance to THC. It also depends on the strain you are using because some marijuana strains tend to have THC contents quite high that what you thought was microdosing was actually over the threshold level. In some cases, microdosing tends to be a very personal experience that you yourself should experiment with at first so that you can find out the optimal dosage that fits your individual tolerance level.

But, generally speaking, try to start as small as possible. Some people start their microdosing journey with about 2.5 milligrams for marijuana and maintain that level for a few days. However, that can be a bit tricky because your body might adjust quickly to the level of THC you are regularly consuming.

As such, you might want to start off with 5 milligrams of weed when you want to begin your microdosing journey. Some people tend to use 10 milligrams at first but that might be best for those who already have a high THC tolerance. As such, the best for you might be somewhere between 5 and 10 milligrams especially if your tolerance level is not that high.

Sex might be a determining factor in how much is needed for microdosing. For men, it is usually somewhere near 5 milligrams. However, women have a low tolerance to THC compared to men. That said, women might need about 3 milligrams of marijuana for microdosing. Anything higher than that might be close to the threshold level already.

Again, it all boils down to the individual. There are a lot of factors to consider other than THC tolerance. Overall health and fitness level might play a role as might diet. Sleep can also be a crucial element as those who do not have the best sleeping habits might need to take a lower dosage of marijuana for microdosing. Even body type is a factor since bigger people naturally need larger doses of marijuana. As such, the best way for you to really know your own individual microdose level is by experimenting.

  • Smoking or vaping

Smoking and vaping marijuana are two of the most popular ways of consuming weed. When it comes to microdosing, it still is a good option to combust your cannabis. The best way to microdose with this method is to take puffs one at a time. Some people tend to take only one puff and wait for a little for the effects to kick in. However, if they do not feel anything, they a second puff might do the trick.

However, combusting your marijuana might not be the best option for microdosing because it is very difficult to control the dosage this way since one puff might not be the same as another. Also, weed combustion tends to be very wasteful and expensive. As such, it might be better for you to microdose using other means.

  • Ingestion

Ingesting marijuana through edibles or cannabis oil is the most recommended way for you to microdose because you can control the exact amount of weed THC that you are consuming. If a slice of brownie has 50 milligrams of THC, cut it into 10 smaller bits and then take one of the bits to get your 5 milligrams of THC. However, there are now some places that sell edibles that have the optimal dosage for microdosing so that you no longer have to cut a small piece of brownie into smaller bits.

The problem with this method, however, is that it will take a while for you to feel the effects because your body needs to digest the edibles first. Instead of taking another bite, wait for the effects to kick in so that you will not tend to go over the threshold level for microdosing.

Like any other method of taking in THC for microdosing, slow and steady is the key when it comes to using edibles. You can even experiment with the edibles at first so that you can find out the exact measurements your body requires for microdosing.

A Comprehensive Guide on Growing Cannabis in Hydroponics

Cannabis cultivators have long been looking for alternative ways to grow cannabis in the comforts of their home. With the different ways available, growing hydroponically is becoming a famous way to plant your cannabis. This process can be tough especially for beginners however it can be extremely satisfying as well.

The hydroponic process of growing weed refers to cultivating and harvesting cannabis in a water-based and nutrient-rich solution. What makes this process unique is that it doesn’t use soil as the growing base for the cannabis plant. While the roots of the cannabis plant are kept intact by using inert mediums like perlite, moss, clay pellets or vermiculite. This makes sure that the roots get direct nutrition ensuring proper growth. 

Comprehensive Guide of Growing Cannabis in Hydroponics

4960665058_eede6718a9_z

Here is the step-by-step guide that you can use to grow your cannabis hydroponically.

  • Select a Growing Medium

A growing medium is a substance that will hold in place the intersection of the stem and roots. The roots of your cannabis plant will grow down into the water, search for nutrients from the growing medium. Having an inert medium will also allow good air access to the top of the roots. 

There’s a good list of the growing mediums normally used by cannabis cultivators but the most common ones are listed below. Keep in mind that each of this growing medium will have unique benefits and some of them work better given different systems. Using hydroponics will be all about experimenting and see what works best for you.

  • Clay Pebbles

Clay pebbles are one of the most popular options and they are excellent at aerating root systems. They may sometime require cannabis growers to alter the PH level in order to give an optimal growing environment. Although you have the option to purchase pre-altered pebbles. To make sure that the roots will have spaces to grow through, you will need to play clay pebbles in a plastic hydroponic basket.

  • Rockwool

This is also one of the popular options for growing hydroponics. This is a substance made up of volcanic rocks with a wool texture. This has an extreme capacity to retain water thus allowing good hydration of the upper root system. This can be placed in a hydroponic basket and can be lodged directly into the top of a bucket or tank without a lid. 

  • Perlite

This substance is a volcanic glass that expands when exposed to high temperatures. Perlites are often used in garden soils in order to provide aeration, which is the reason why it’s has been beneficial to use as a hydroponic growing medium for cannabis. 

  • Coco Coir

The fiber from the coconuts also known as coco coir in the cannabis cultivation industry is a good sustainable option as a growing medium. It allows for good aeration and moisture retention and it’s also known to protect roots from infection due to the presence of plant-stimulating hormones. 

  • Select a Hydroponic Growing Setup For your Cannabis Plant

After choosing your growing medium, it’s now time to choose the type of hydroponic set up to use. The systems listed below are similar in the way that they use the nutrient-enriched water solution. The setups can differ depending on the factors such as water exposure and circulation. Most of the setups can be purchased but you can also make your own by using drills, pumps, air stones, buckets, and pumps. 

  • Deep Water Culture

This is a good setup for beginners and is the cheapest option as well. The plants are placed in a bucket filled with a nutrient solution and an air pump gives a constant supply of oxygen.

  • Ebb and Flow

This setup is also known as flood and drain and it features water that ebbs and flows. This setup is made up of several buckets suspended above a growing tray that has a water inlet and outlet. 

These waterways are connected to an external water tank that contains nutrients with an air stone to aerate the water supply. It also comes with a pump to move the water into the growing tray. It’s important to note that the roots in this setup are not continuously submerged within the water, but the water periodically floods the growing tray and gives it fresh oxygen and nutrient-enriched water.

When the pump cycle ends, all of the water drains back into the external tank. This allows for periodic feeding.

  • Drip System

This is very much similar to a drip irrigation system when soil is used as a growing medium. This will consist of a large tray filled with a growing medium like clay pebbles. The cannabis plants are placed directly into the medium and each of them has its own drop pipe nearby. 

It has an external water tank with a pump and air stones that are constantly exposed to air and the excess water drips down the medium and back into the external tank. 

  • Nutrient Film Technique

This setup will involve placing plants into a tube that is angled, this way, the water can enter at one side and exit at the other via gravity. The roots will grow down into a tube where they are exposed to the flowing water and the water will then enter from a tank with an air stone and pump and will return back after the cycle has been completed.

  • Wick System

This is a basic setup that uses a growing tray that is similar to that of a drip system filled with clay pebbles. Under the tray, the tank of water is placed and from there the wicks exit and enter the growing medium. The water will travel up to the wicks and passively hydrate the medium. The pump is not required for this system.

  • Aeroponics

This setup is probably considered the most futuristic version of hydroponic growing. It uses misted water dispersed through the air to optimize aeration and hydration. The cannabis plants are put in the top of a large tank of water that fills the bottom 25%. 

The pump is placed under the water and it sends water into misters under the root system. The fine mist is responsible for constantly soaking the roots thus allowing the plants to receive massive qualities of air and water simultaneously. 

  • Preparing your Growing System For a Successful Cultivation

Once you have chosen your preferred setup, it is vital that you prepare it well to prevent any damaging situations. You will need to sterilize your equipment to minimize the chances of getting contamination. You should also wipe all the buckets, trays, tanks and pipes with rubbing alcohol, hot water, and peroxide. You will need to begin with the following instructions once your setup is done correctly.

Also, you will need to maintain your setup regularly to ensure that it’s an optimal growing environment. Here are some of the major factors that you need to keep in mind. 

  • Monitor the PH Level

Whenever you grow cannabis on hydroponics, you need to constantly test for the PH  in the water to ensure that the nutrients are more available to the plant. Normally these nutrients are present when the environment is slightly more acidic. 

It’s required that the water should have a PH of 5.5-5.8. You can use a PH testing kit to take regular readings and change the solution every week. On the flowering stage, the preferred PH level is 6.

  • Keep the water temperature at 20 Degrees Celsius

This is the most ideal water temperature for your cannabis plant. You can use a water thermometer and can be altered using a water heater if the temperature is too cold. 

  • Give Appropriate amount of Nutrients

Your hydroponic cannabis plant requires the same nutrients as those planted in soil. The easiest way to check if your plant is getting enough nutrients is buying hydroponic nutrient solutions that contain all the required nutrients for vegetation and flowering stages. 

  • Avoid Contamination

Growing trays and the tanks will require emptying and cleaning every two weeks. This way, you are ensured that the roots of your plants are safe against invading pathogens and diseases.

  • Choose a strain for Your Hydroponic Garden

The cannabis strains that are used in hydroponic gardens take nutrients extremely fast and this can result in explosive and rapid growth. For this very reason, never select large, towering Sativa variety. 

The ideal cannabis strain for growing hydroponics is the smaller and more compact ones. Using smaller strains can be advantageous as it allows for more diversity and might give you potentially bigger yields. 

Advantages of Using Hydroponics in Cannabis

8014245775_569cb0e628_z

The following are some of the benefits that you can have when you use hydroponics in your weed garden.

  • Fast Growth

The hydroponics system will ensure that your cannabis plant will grow faster compared with the traditional methods. The reason behind this is that in hydroponics, your cannabis plant comes in direct contact with the nutrients and can absorb a lot of it. Experts in cannabis cultivation mentioned that cannabis grows up to 20% faster in hydroponics.

  • Large Yields

When you grow in hydroponics, you are also allowing your cannabis to produce large yields. The yields are about 20-25% more than that of soil growth. You will also need less space for each plant to grow. 

  • No Weeds present

This is the plant that you don’t see near your cannabis plant and by growing hydroponics, you won’t have to worry about this one. No more pulling every single weed you see like in growing in soil medium.

  • Fewer chances of getting Diseases & Pests

You are saved from this risk since there is no soil used. Using soil will cause a lot of diseases and pests which makes it tough for you to control the environment. With hydroponics, you can easily get rid of pests if ever they have climbed up on the cannabis plant.

A Guide to Marijuana Grow Lights

Marijuana Grow Lights

Are you interested in growing cannabis, but you do not have the liberty to grow outside? No worries, you can do your cannabis cultivation indoors. One thing that you should learn about, though, is using marijuana grow lights. Grow lights will take the place of the sun and serve as a power supply for your plants and their buds. Light is similar to food for your plants, so without having a light source, your cannabis plant will not produce enough buds.

Three Main Classifications of Cannabis Grow Lights

As a grower, you have lots of options for grow lights that work well for growing cannabis but in the end, they boil down to three major types:

Fluorescent Grow Lights

  1. Compact Fluorescent Lights
  2. T5 Grow Lights

High-Intensity Discharge Grow Lights

  1. Metal Halide
  2. High-Pressure Sodium
  3. Ceramic Metal Halide

LED Grow Lights

Some cannabis growers might have encountered induction grow lights, but you should beware. Either it is called magnetic induction or plasma induction, induction lights actually perform quite poorly when they are used to produce some cannabis. In all honesty, they are not appropriate for marijuana, and they come with high prices. Also, incandescent bulbs are never right for growing, so do not bother buying them.

13213466454_1b1505fdb0_z

Pros and Cons of Fluorescent Grow Lights

These lights come in many different shapes and sizes, from twisty bulbs to long tubes. They are the most popular because they make efficient and pleasant lighting for herb gardens without using up a lot of electricity.

  1. CFL Grow Lights – These are twisty looking light bulbs that can be bought in hardware stores and similar places. They produce an excellent spectrum for growing cannabis, and they can be used in compact spaces where other lights can typically not.
  2. T5 Grow Lights – These are the most readily available kinds of grow lights, and they can be used for a massive list of herbs. They can usually be bought in home improvement and gardening stores. T5 lamps are much bigger and broader than CFLs, and they typically come as part of a panel, but they can still be placed a few inches away from your plants without worrying about burning them.

Pros of Using Fluorescent Lights:

  1. Cheap to buy
  2. Does not require too much electricity
  3. Great light spectrum
  4. A great choice for small spaces
  5. Best lighting for clones, young plants, and seedlings

Cons of Using Fluorescent Lights:

  1. Fluorescent lights get smaller yields per watt than the other types of grow lights if you use them during the flowering stage while the buds are still forming.
  2. The light from a fluorescent lamp does not penetrate far down into the plant, so they cannot give the best support to taller plants. 

8536796788_4b84985678_z

Pros and Cons of High-Intensity Discharge (HID) Grow Lights

HID Grow Lights are more efficient than fluorescent lights, and they are powered by large irregularly shaped bulbs. Usually, they are screwed in into a reflector or hood to reflect more light into the plants. HIDs are a great option for cannabis cultivation, but they can also be quite hot and also hooked up to exhaust to help vent out the heat.

  1. Metal Halide Grow Lights – They are generally used during the vegetative stage because they produce a bluish light that vegetative plants love, though this type of light can also be used all the way to harvest.
  2. High-Pressure Sodium Grow Lights – They are often used during the flowering stage because they are very efficient and their yellow light can stimulate the production of buds. HPS grow lights in the flowering stage get better yields per watt than any other grow light available in the market. 
  3. Ceramic Metal Halide (CMH) and Light Emitting Ceramic (LED) Grow Lights – These are common names for the same type of light. They use ceramic as part of the lamp, just like HPS. CMH bulbs are more efficient compared to other MH lights. 

Pros of HID Grow Lights

  1. HIDs are the most efficient type of grow light, as they can get the highest yields.
  2. HPS grow lights are the most perfect for the flowering stage. You can actually expect 0.5 to 1 gram per watt in ideal growing conditions.
  3. HIDs are very simple to use because they can be hung from the right distance with no need to adjust the lights.

Cons of HID Grow Lights

  1. HID lights can get really hot, so it generates a lot of heat, so your plants would require some form of cooling.
  2. As a result of the heat mentioned above, most growers use an exhaust fan with ducting to vent out the hot temperatures.
  3. HID lighting also means there are a few more parts than other types of lighting. They usually contain a bulb, a fixture, external ballast, exhaust systems, and an extra cable.

5811202311_aa45424bb5_z

Pros and Cons of Using LED Grow Lights

LED grow lights are trendy among cannabis growers because they are an alternative to HPS grow lights. They also have a tendency to run cooler, and they also come with built-in cooling. LED grow lights can often be plugged into a wall and simply hung over plants, which is definitely much more comfortable than setting up HID grow lights. LEDs also have significant penetration, so they do not need to be moved around frequently like fluorescents.

Pros of LED Grow Lights:

  1. LEDs almost always have built-in cooling that pushes heat up and away from the plants.
  2. Growers can get away without venting heat at all.
  3. The smaller size LEDs can be plugged directly into the wall and hung over your plant without needing to do anything else.
  4. Some growers believe that LEDs produce more resinous buds.

Cons of LED Grow Lights:

  1. Although the LED lamp itself usually does run a lot cooler than a similar wattage HPS bulb, they can still produce heat and they have bigger sizes like 300W+, which may need to be vented with an exhaust fan to prevent the grow space from getting too warm.
  2. LEDs get some slightly smaller yields per watt than HPS grow lights on average.
  3. LED grow lights tend to need a lot of space between the lamp and your plants, which mean that you need a taller and wider space. 

Conclusion

Now that you are familiar with the most common cannabis grow lights, you can start taking your pick to begin your cannabis cultivation. Remember to choose the perfect strains that would match the growth capacity of your indoor garden, so that you can make the most of your investment.

A Complete Guide to Understanding Marijuana

A Complete Guide to Understanding Marijuana

Marijuana is a very interesting topic. You have many things to learn about it, whether it will be your first time to smoke or cultivate cannabis. You need to know its origin, the plant’s structure, and chemistry, its types and forms, and the cultivation process, 

Cannabis and Its History

People have been using marijuana for more than 12,000 years. Throughout that period, the plant spread in Asia and North America, reaching almost every part of the planet. Marijuana originated in Central Asia, in which the nearby populations discovered it and distributed in China. The plant reached its full potential as a good cultivated crop in China. 

From China, marijuana arrived in India and Korea. Scythians, the Indo-European wanderers got the plant and brought it in Europe. As marijuana arrived in Europe, it reached Spain before it traveled further going to South America and Africa. 

China became the main area for cannabis cultivation. The people traded oils, rope, paper, and flowers. The first recorded use of marijuana as a medicine happened in 2,737 BC. Emperor Shen Neng of China prescribed cannabis tea to relieve gout and rheumatism.

The Chemistry and Structure of a Cannabis Plant

Marijuana is like humans in many ways. The plant adapts to the environment without any problem. It also comes with a life cycle and a significant sexual reproductive system. 

A cannabis plant can be male or female. In rare cases, one plant can become a hermaphrodite. A male cannabis plant matures and produces the pollen that flies in the air to reach a female plant. 

Once fertilized, a female cannabis plant will produce seeds. The plant only produces flowers when another female plant fertilizes it. In case of producing seeds, the old cannabis plants (both male and female) will die, but the species will keep surviving. 

A male cannabis plant does not matter for cannabis growers. However, it matters for the breeders. A male plant does not have enough cannabinoids compared to a female plant. On the other hand, the unpollinated female cannabis plant contains more cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD. 

Right now, the female marijuana plant is the “bread and butter” of the industry. Every single product that you buy comes from a female plant. 

Here are the parts of a cannabis plant’s structure:

  • Stems or Stalks – they represent the plant’s main body. They are thin and long. They give support for flowers while providing essential nutrients to them. Stalks aren’t high in psychoactive substances. Instead, people use them primarily for fiber production. 
  • Fan Leaves – they capture sunlight and converts it into a life-nurturing fuel. Fan leaves are not ideal for ingestion because they contain traces of essential substances. However, they are very imperative for overall plant’s health. 
  • Colas – it is the term used in describing the part of the plant where the flowers grow. The highest flower will be the main cola. On the other hand, other colas may exist on other branches of the plant. In the woods, most cannabis plants typically grow one big cola. 
  • Sugar Leaves – these are “baby leaves” which grow within the cola. Compared to fan leaves, they are smaller in size and full of terpenes. Therefore, these leaves seem to be sprinkled with sugars. Naturally, they’re rich in medicinal and psychoactive substances. 
  • Calyxes – cola is the part of a cannabis plant where the flower grows, but the calyx is the flower. Also called the bud or simply flower, a calyx is made out of pistils, sugar leaves, and trichomes that contain terpenes and cannabinoids. When buying marijuana flowers, you’ll be getting colas. 
  • Pistils – these thin, colorful strips inside the cannabis flowers. Pistils are the key reproductive organ of a female marijuana plant. Their purpose is to catch the pollen in the air and produce seeds.
  • Trichomes – these are resin glands which grow on the marijuana flowers and leaves. Essentially, they are the key culprit of marijuana’s popularity. Trichomes are transparent mushroom-like structures enriched with cannabinoids, especially THC.

6954206463_5b525900a7_z

Terpenes and Cannabinoids

Two of the most interesting things to learn about marijuana are cannabinoids and terpenes. Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds produced within a marijuana plant, particularly in the trichomes. Two of them are the CBD and THC. 

These substances produce effects when you consume the plant. When you consume marijuana, the cannabinoids will travel across your bloodstream. Then, they will attach themselves to the natural cannabinoid receptors of your body – the CB1 and the CB2. 

Terpenes are the essential oils which give the signature taste and aroma of marijuana. Also, they contribute to the medical effects of the plant through aiding cannabinoids in crossing the brain-blood wall. Besides, terpenes can increase the activation of the CB1 receptor, thereby boosting the effects of marijuana. 

CBD and THC Explained

Marijuana has over 60 cannabinoids including THC and CBD. They are the two most popular chemical compounds in cannabis. THC or Tetrahydrocannabinol is the intoxicating cannabinoid that causes a person to feel the effects of weed as it binds into the cannabinoid receptors. 

These effects include euphoria, happiness, relaxation, energy, laziness, increased appetite, and many more. Of course, the effects will depend on the strain. With its interaction with the endocannabinoid system, THC can alleviate a multitude of symptoms when using marijuana for therapeutic purposes. Cannabis relieves chronic pains, spasms, and nausea. 

THC percentages typically vary from 5 to 20 percent in dried flowers and as much as 95 percent in the concentrated extracts. Since you’re a beginner, you need to remember this: the higher the THC amount, the more potent the cannabis product is. Thus, the stronger the high would be. 

CBD or cannabidiol is the 2nd most popular cannabinoid and the opposite of THC. It’s non-psychoactive, so it can’t get you high. 

CBD comes with strong anti-inflammatory properties and is desirable for the medical users who want to relieve some symptoms without the intoxicated feeling. As a non-psychoactive substance, CBD is useful in relieving the signs and symptoms of anxiety, epilepsy, and metabolic disorders.

Types of Marijuana

33260582281_f9403b1207_z

Cannabis exists in 3 major subspecies: cannabis indica, cannabis sativa, and cannabis ruderalis. The 4th type of marijuana is the most abundant one known as hybrids. 

Cannabis Sativa

It is one of the most widespread strains that take more time to mature. Also, it is easy to recognize by its tall and narrow appearance. 

This type of cannabis plant is normally 2 to 4 meters tall, less dense, and comes with more elongated flowers. The leaves of it are light green. The plant itself comes with a pleasing sweet aroma.

If consumed, cannabis sativa will produce a euphoric feeling. It feels like a cerebral high that triggers a flood of creativity and energy. 

Cannabis Indica

Originated in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India, cannabis indica is a very popular subspecies. Characterized by a short, stocky appearance, cannabis indica can easily adapt to relatively cool areas. This plant is highly branched, coming with a sour taste and darker leaves. 

Cannabis indica takes less time to a flower that makes it a famous option among growers together with the reality that it is more compact compared to cannabis sativa. This characteristic is making this subspecies suitable for indoor growing. Cannabis indica is known for its calming and sedative effect, so it is best for evening or bedtime use.

Cannabis Ruderalis

It’s the least popular of all these subspecies of marijuana. Cannabis ruderalis is somewhat small, with its height ranging from 30 to 70 centimeters tall.

It doesn’t have enough cannabinoids. Despite that, breeders like cannabis ruderalis due to its autoflowering genes. Cannabis indica and sativa need light exposure right after the germination process. However, the case is different for cannabis ruderalis. This subspecies will flower on its own after around 3 weeks. Thus, the strain is commonly used in making new hybrid plants that have autoflowering qualities and decent THC content. 

Hybrids

These cannabis plants are the combination of cannabis sativa, indica, and occasionally, ruderalis. Hybrids can be formed naturally in the woods. However, the ones you can find in the online stores or dispensaries are grown for a purpose. The smell, taste, size, flowering, and potency of hybrids will depend on the strains used in crossbreeding. 

Thus, the flowering period varies, and the plant’s effects will range from strain to strain. Hybrids are a famous option among breeders. They are typically the most prominent product in the online marijuana stores. 

Cannabis Products

The legalization of cannabis paved the way for a large range of products which serve one purpose. That is to transport the cannabinoids in the bloodstream and give relief or induce a high feeling.

People use marijuana not just for smoking but for producing edibles, oils, tinctures, capsules, and other forms of cannabis products. Online shops are selling these cannabis products:

  • Concentrates
  • Flowers or buds
  • Tinctures
  • Edibles like cannabis brownies, chocolates, bubble gums, lollipops, and many more

Cannabis Production and Cultivation

5384719306_3bbfd504fb_z

Growing marijuana for bud production and harvesting is a tricky process in the first glance. Once you know the basics in cultivating pot, you can start trying it out, make it your new hobby, and seed if your attempt will be a success. 

You have to know the cultivation requisites that vary from strain to strain. These include light, grow medium, climate, water, and nutrients. Keep in mind that when it comes to nutrients, your plants will have different nutritional requirements as they grow. 

Also, you need to follow the development stages of cannabis plants, which involve the vegetation, flowering, and harvesting stages. The last thing would be you have to know how and when to harvest your buds and get started with the drying and curing process.

Cannabis: Every Cancer Warrior’s Best Friend

Cannabis: Every Cancer Warrior's Best Friend

Cancer is a serious disease that has no official cure until now. In a lot of studies conducted, it has shown that the use of cannabis to cancer patients have a positive outcome in combating symptoms and side effects of chemotherapy. Cannabis is an all-natural and organic treatment for the different symptoms of cancer, and side effects of systemic treatments.

Seeking help from a medical practitioner who is knowledgeable about the use of cannabis in treating cancer may give you the best results. Each patient that has different kinds of cancer may take differently when exposed to CBD that is why it is important to consult your doctor so that they could give you the proper dosage. In this article, we will talk about why cannabis is considered as a best friend to cancer patients and will give you the top strains that are helpful in treating its symptoms.

  • ACDC Cannabis Strain

This is a hybrid strain that got its genetics from Cannatonic strain which is considered as one of the strains that contain a high level of CBD that is why this strain has an incredible amount of CBD that ranges between 15-25%. It can help cancer patients to relieve pain from its negative side effects.

Aside from treating the pain associated with the link of the systemic treatment with cancer, it also assists in treating the pain caused by some complications of the illness. The high gives a numbing sensation throughout the body to ensure that even the slightest pain won’t be felt.

  • Grand Daddy Purple Cannabis Strain

This is an Indica strain from its parents Big Bud and Purple Urkle. It brings a relaxing and calming effect that will take you to sleep, especially for patients who are having a hard time sleeping.  This strain has the ability to give an uplifting vibe so that the patient will have a more positive aura.

This strain is great for cancer patients who lack appetite because it makes the patient hungry resolving the issue of patients who loses too much weight. Since it has a relatively high amount of CBD, it helps aid in some gastrointestinal disorders, PTSD, and arthritis. This strain will help you stay in focus and remain sociable.

  • Northern Lights Cannabis Strain

This is an Indica dominant strain that got its genetics from its parents Afghani and Thai. This strain is helpful for cancer patients even though it has a relatively high amount of THC which is at 16-21% than CBD because of its nausea relief after chemotherapy or radiation treatment. This strain also helps the patient have a calming feeling after the side effects of cancer treatment.

This strain provides a soothing feeling all over the body. Even though it has a relative amount of THC, CBD negates it making it a perfect smoke whatever time of the day is. The effects of some pharmaceutical drugs can also be offered by taking this strain and sometimes it can supersede the healing properties of that medicine you can see in the market because of its naturality.

  • Chocolope Cannabis Strain

This strain came from the combination of Cannalope Haze and Chocolate Thai which is both Sativa strain. It has the capability to awaken even those who are experiencing extreme fatigue. The contribution of this strain in helping cancer patients is to take away the fatigue feeling that those cancer patients are feeling to feel energized and comfortable.

The high that this strain gives is mellow that totally provides the user body and cerebral high that gives off a natural pain killer that will make you feel relaxed. This strain is perfect for smoking especially in the daytime because of the mood and energy booster that it can give. It works well to treat different kinds of inflammation, migraine, and depression.

  • Charlotte’s Web Cannabis Strain

This strain has a relatively high CBD content at 20% that gained its popularity in the medicinal field. It has the ability to treat all types of chronic pain associated with pain and inflammation. When cancer patients use this strain, they will not only find relief from the pain that they are experiencing but they will also feel calmness and serenity.

This strain is known as the most popular strain because of its CBD level that attracts companies to use it as a food supplement. The users will not feel any cerebral effects. This strain is usually made into CBD oil that can be used externally to treat different kinds of pain such as muscle spasm, fibromyalgia, migraines, and arthritis.

How Cannabis Acts on Cancer

40265007983_7605b89db6_z

  • Cannabis as an Anti-proliferative 

CBD has the ability to stop the cancer cells from reproducing. There are different theories that prove that CBD slows down tumor growth.

  • Cannabis as Anti-angiogenic

The formation of blood vessels that can supply oxygen and nutrients to help keep the tumor survive is called angiogenesis. In treating cancer, this is one of the most targeted processes in cancer therapy. CBD binds well with angiogenesis inhibitors that starve tumors so that it can no longer regenerate.

  • Cannabis as Anti-Metastatic

Metastatic occurs when the cancer cells have spread out throughout the different parts of the body. This happens when the cancer cells broke down and enter the lymphatic system. When metastatic occurs, it means that cancer is in an advanced stage or stage 4. CBD prevents these cancer cells from spreading through its anti-tumor effects.

  • Cannabis as Apoptotic

Apoptosis or cell death usually occurs when the cancer cell is exposed to certain stimuli. When the cancer patient consumed CBD, it may help kill the unhealthy cells is that it can no longer harm healthy cells.

Final Thoughts

Even though there is already evidence about the positive effects of cannabis for cancer patients, there are still ongoing studies to ensure the adequacy of information in treating the most serious illnesses in the world. The role of cannabis to cancer is considered as one of the greatest contributions of cannabis in the medicinal field. 

17 Successful Individuals Who Smoke Weeds

There are famous people in the world who are enthusiasts of weeds. They find complete relaxation and sparks of creativity in using marijuana. You will find these successful individuals who smoke weeds to help them with their careers. Through this article, we will share with you some of these famous people. 

Successful Individuals Who Smoke Weeds

15274524149_329e32b182_z

  • Zayn Malik

The previous One Direction member declares cannabis makes him more inspired and bring about worry. “Some individuals say it slays your determination, some folks say it ends your character,” he said. “I haven’t had any of the experiences up till now.”

  • Jay Z

Most lately, Hova reinforced California’s Proposition 64 previous fall, therefore authorizing leisure marijuana (which did permit! Probable cheers in big fragment to Mr. Carter, as well as the fact marijuana is entertaining and individuals distinguish this). Nonetheless, that support hardly manifests Jay’s primary undertaking into the herb. In 2001, his stanza in Beanie Sigel’s “Think it’s a Game” big-ups weed’s originality-boosting influences with the line, “It’s seldom that I smoke, but it helps my thinker.” 

  • Doug Benson

In addition to Benson’s Super High Me (2007), a marijuana-slanted flash to fast-food documented Super Size Me, he was also in Comedy Central’s courtroom television-style show “The High Court.”

  • Bill Maher

The television host created a tough point regarding weed’s ludicrous nation-by-nation rules by flashing a horse-sized jay on Real Time to help manage “glaucoma in his third eye.” (This occurred approximately six years after Zach Galifianakis winded on his own [although phony] doobie while on the Maher’s show.)

  • Rihanna

However unhappily MaRihanna was nonetheless a lovely vision, RiRi retains a marijuana follower if, for no other motive, the champ moment throughout Coachella 2012 in which she rolled a faultless rounded on her bodyguard’s bald head. She truly does favor the better things.

  • Lady Gaga

To help treat hip pain, Gaga favors the devil’s lettuce – until it turns out to be an issue. She allegedly got to a time where she was using 15 or more joints a day. Though her figures have recessed since, Gaga has correspondingly supposed, “I have to be high to be inspired.” It’s indistinct if there’s a linking among the singer and Gaga Edibles, but then confidently she was no less than a motivation for its completion.

  • Snoop Dogg

The D-O-double-G guested on Dr. Dre’s 1999 album “Next Episode,” an album commemorated in bar restroom Sharpie writing for all time as some version of the song’s final line, “Hey hey hey/ Smoke weed every day.” Then a little over a period later, Snoop retold us he’s still up to the plant with “Young, Wild and Free.” In 2012, Snoop expressed a Redditor via AMA that, on regular per week, he uses “81 blunts a day x 7,” which, unquestionable. He too has his name of weed, a G-pen and marijuana nation website.

  • Bob Dylan

There were a lot of teenage blaze mixes included “Rainy Day Woman #12 & 35,” a song containing heaps of slurry cluster shouting alongside recurrent references of getting stoned. Seems like sufficient indication on its own, there’s a continuing report Robert Zimmerman likewise presented the Beatles to marijuana z- therefore stirring a lot of the foursome’s well along, more hallucinogenic exertion.

  • Bethany Cosentino of Best Coast

If Best Coast’s Cosentino had a Patronus, it’d be a drugged feline. The singer-songwriter supposed in 2010 that though she infrequently performs high, she scraps on some ganj when songwriting. Cosentino smokes to spur inspiration and manage nervousness, however, she doesn’t use all day every day, like she used to.

  • Abraham Lincoln

Deceptively, a figure of U.S. presidents was kush enthusiasts, nonetheless, it was truthful Abe who is cited all over the net as melody: “Two of my favorite things are sitting on my front porch smoking a pipe of sweet hemp, and playing my Hohner harmonica.” Though, some inconsistencies continue, as Hohner didn’t even brand harmonicas till two years after the hypothetical quote, rendering to High Times. What otherwise would the man be hiding in his beard, if not weed stuffed with syrupy hemp? Let us imagine.

  • Michael Phelps

Amused as one of the utmost Olympic athletes constantly, swimmer Phelps was wedged taking a huge bong rip (think of, the boy’s got good lungs) on camera in 2009 – therefore showing you can gain gold awards and be enjoyable.

  • Hugh Hefner

Longtime friend and sought-after lover Holly Madison exposed in her tell-all Down the Rabbit Hole: Curious Adventures and Cautionary Tales of a Former Playboy Bunny that Hef night smoke before her other works do great hand in hand. 

  • Bob Marley

Bob Marley, fan saint of equally dorm room merchants in addition to blacklight velvet posters, is one of weed’s most iconic supporters. The reggae performer was kind of just ensuing straightforward supports of his Rastafarian faith by using weed, hyping, “Herb is a plant. Herb is good for everything.” End of story.

  • Drake

There were individuals appear to have named an all-out conflict on Drake’s rights to relish weed – even signifying Drizzy’s overtone with marijuana as “the biggest scheme in rap.” In Drake’s protection, who hasn’t disregarded tactics any less than once since they unintentionally got too high? 

  • Miley Cyrus

Miley Cyrus has not ever been cautious regarding her love for marijuana. “When I use it, I don’t get that sick sensation I come to be when I drink, or that irritation rising,” she held.

  • Jimi Hendrix

Final shredder Hendrix had a liking for numerous elements – one of which, heroin, in the end, demanded his life and accompanied him into the 27 Club. Though, in a way gentler intellect, the Woodstock myth likewise burrowed some doobage. Rolling Stone likewise deliberates his 1967 single Axis: Bold as Love the number one utmost stoner hit.

  • Jerry Garcia

Classically related with LSD and other psychedelics, Dead front-runner Garcia and the rest of the group are occasionally accredited with the dawn of weed’s 420 arithmetical symbols.

Conclusion

These are the names of Successful Individuals Who Smoke Weeds. You will find more of them and be amazed at their usages and personality and of course, achievements.

X