One of the most common concerns about cannabis growers is how to make marijuana grow fast. Here are some tried and tested techniques to help improve cannabis growth that can help beginners.
Use fast-growing cannabis strains
Cultivating quick-flowering plants is the key. And when it comes to growing fast, autoflowering cannabis is the best choice. Autos are known to flower the fastest at 7 to 9 weeks compared to regular and feminized plants that bloom 9 to 10 weeks, even longer.
Autoflowering cannabis grows faster and won’t require strict lighting schedules to flower. These plants will bloom as soon as it reaches a certain age. All you need to do is to use the best soil for autos and to supplement or add fertilizer as necessary.
Another good thing about growing autoflowering cannabis is that these plants grow small or have a small structure. Small plants are perfect for stealth growing which is perfect if you are not allowed to grow cannabis in your area.
More light = better growth
As most experienced grower would know, more light equals better growth. Plants need good lighting to manufacture food. If your growing setup has poor lighting, you might end up growing weak plants that won’t grow tall and won’t bloom.
Invest in a quality lamp to provide the best light on your plants. Currently, the best light is an LED lamp. This is the most efficient type of light which can provide the best coverage. LED lamps are available in different colors, wattages, and designs. You can even find LED lamps with mounting brackets, stands and braces for easy mounting inside your growing area.
LED lamps provide the brightest lighting but won’t make your growing area hot and burn your plants. Growers love LED lamps because these may cost more than incandescent light but are energy efficient.
You may also use HPS lighting which offers the highest intensity light. This kind of lighting is more affordable and is easy to purchase almost anywhere. But, the problem with this set up is HPS may be too hot for your plants. This lamp can burn your plants’ tips and thus ruin your yields. This also consumes more energy compared to other types of lighting.
Provide the best nutrients for cannabis plants
Feeding your plants with the ideal nutrients according to its needs is important. This will ensure that your plants will grow healthy and according to its growing cycle.
During the vegetative stage, your cannabis plants are actively growing and hence will need fertilizer mixes that have higher amounts of Nitrogen. This nutrient is essential to grow more leaves, stems, and roots. Nitrogen also prepares plants for heavy and dense buds.
But as your plants reach the flowering stage, these won’t need Nitrogen anymore. These will require Phosphorus and Potassium, two nutrients needed for growing larger and denser buds and hence your plants will give you more yields.
As much as you’re careful with feeding your plants with the right nutrients, you must also be very particular about the effects of giving too many nutrients. To monitor nutrient deficiencies or toxicities, check plant leaves. The leaves can turn to different colors and may develop a rugged or rough appearance due to different nutrient problems.
When you spot any of these deficiencies, stop feeding nutrients and flush your growing medium with clean, pH balanced water for a few days. Check pH and nutrient check your soil to monitor any deficiency.
Train your plants early
As early as your plants start to grow taller or wider, train them. Training is limiting the growth of your plants so that these can grow more buds and hence, give you more yields. One way to train is to use a screen or the SCROG (screen of green method).
Although this may look conflicting with growing cannabis faster, this method will let you grow buds faster. This will also let you grow larger and denser buds for better yields.
Pruning and trimming is another way to grow plants faster. Pruning plants requires removing the huge fan leaves at the bottom of the plant canopy so that air can move through and prevent the development of mold.
Pruning will also ensure that even premature buds that are found in the area can get light. Doing so will give you more yields. Some expert growers also use trimming to improve yields. Trimming is cutting away leaves and stems, leaving only a few plus the cola. This ensures that nutrients are delivered to the cola to enhance the plant’s growth.
Monitor soil and root pH
Sometimes, despite adding nutrients and supplements, you end up having plants that grow very poorly. Why is this so? One of the possible cause is a nutrient lock, a condition wherein the nutrients remain in the soil near the roots because of poor soil pH.
Sometimes the roots may not be able to absorb a particular nutrient because of an excess of another nutrient. The trick is to get the soil pH and to fix any nutrient problem early.
As soon as you spot any problem with nutrient absorption, flush the soil with clean pH-neutral water for a few days. Avoid feeding your plants during this time and resume only after you have fixed the problem. Restart feeding with half the dose you usually give your plants.
Monitor pests and mold growth
Pests like spider mites, grasshoppers and crickets can severely damage your crops. Meanwhile, molds can also wreak havoc in your garden and cover everything in just a night! There is no sure-fire way to deal with molds and pests but be vigilant.
If you spot an insect or a patch of white mold (very common in cannabis), there will surely be more. Check every plant and remove this right away. Keep your growing area clean and sanitize your growing space before installing your plants.
If you’re introducing new plants inside your growing area, quarantine this first to check for pests, diseases or molds.